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8/1/45

Tenth AF

Gen Hegenberger becomes CG Tenth AF. Tenth AF moves from Piardoba to Kunming. (HQ at Kunming was officially opened on 23 Jul). The scheduled role of the Tenth AF in China is almost identical with its completed Burma mission to act as the tac AF giving direct spt and providing air supply to Chinese ground forces operating S of 27th parallel N.


8/1/45

Fourteenth AF

Bad weather severely curtails operations. P-61's effectively sweep rivers in Wuchou, Canton, and Tsingyun areas, sinking several large junks and sampans.


8/1/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb shipyards at Pontianak. Other HBs hit barracks and AA guns along Makassar Strait. P-38's strafe locomotives in Soerabaja area. Other P-38's spt ground forces ENE and SE of Mankayan and, along with USMC aircraft, pound enemy positions and concentrations in Upian area. B-24's bomb Tourane M/Y while escorting P-51's strafe boxcars at Quang Nam. Other B-24's strike Takao military stores. About 50 B-24's bomb tgts in Nagasaki dock and harbor area. B-25's and FBs in Nagasaki area hit docks, railroad yards, and shipping. Other B-24's bomb Koniya A/F and hit Kakeroma I. 80-plus P-47's hit railroad bridges and other railroad tgts at Sendai. Also P-47's fly their first combat mission from Iwo Jima, joining VII FC P-51's in sweep over S Honshu. Rolling stock and A/Fs are attacked in Okazaki, Itami, and Nagoya areas.


8/1/45

Twentieth AF

627 B-29's, on night of 1/2 Aug, carry out fire-bomb raids on Japanese cities of Hachioji, Toyama, Nagaoka, and Mito; 120 others bomb Kawasaki petroleum facilities; and 37 drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, in Nakaumi Lagoon, at Hamada, Sakai, Yonago, Najin, and Seishin. The total of 784 B-29's (of 836 dispatched) bombing tgts is the largest Twentieth AF single-day effort of World War II.


8/1/45

VII FC

30-plus Iwo Jima-based P-51's hit A/Fs and other tgts in Osaka-Nagoya area. Bad weather prevents numerous other ftrs from reaching tgts.


8/2/45

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's, escorted by 2 P-47's, knock out bridge at Sinyang and severely damage bridge at Lohochai. 7 B-25's bomb town of Sinning, and hit several truck convoys between Siangtan and Changsha and in Siang-Chiang Valley. 31 P-51's also bomb town of Sinning. 40-plus P-47's and P-51's knock out at least 3 bridges and damage others and attack shipping, fuel dumps, gun positions, trucks, railroad yards and general T/Os around Sichuang, Shangkao, Yoyang, Hankow, Mingkiang, Sincheng, Yutze, Houmachen, Yuncheng, Anyang, and Kaoyi.


8/2/45

FEAF

Bad weather cancels all FEAF missions from Okinawa. Thirteenth AF P-38's spt ground forces on N Luzon, hitting pockets of resistance W of Kiangan and blasting enemy occupied caves on ridge NW of Bontoc.


8/2/45

Twentieth AF

Gen Twining be comes CG Twentieth AF. Gen LeMay is assigned to USASTAF as CoS.


8/2/45

Eleventh AF

6 B-24's radar-bomb Kokutan Cape and visually bomb Kataoka.


8/3/45

Fifteenth AF

Gen Lee takes cmd of Fifteenth AF.


8/3/45

Fourteenth AF

16 B-25's pound various railroad tgts in E China. 50-plus FBs attack bridges, railroad yards, storage areas, enemy troops, river and rail traffic, and various other tgts as the campaign to disrupt Japanese retreat from S and E China continues in spite of considerable bad weather.


8/3/45

FEAF

P-38's and B-25's spt ground forces on N Luzon, hitting buildings in Apunan area and Japanese positions at various locations including ridges SW of Kiangan and W of Banaue. B-24's bomb airstrips at Tanamon and Sidate and bomb seaplane base at Kangean I.


8/3/45

VII FC

Ftrs from Iwo Jima fly nearly 100 effective sorties throughout Tokyo area, hitting A/Fs, rail installations, and trains.


8/4/45

Ninth AF

Gen Kepner takes cmd of Ninth AF.


8/4/05

Fourteenth AF

Bad weather hampers operations. However, 4 B-25's damage Sincheng railroad bridge, 4 B-25's and 2 P-51's bomb Pailochi A/F and hit trucks in the area, and 7 P-51's damage 12 locomotives between Taiyuan and Tsinan, destroy or damage several trucks near Shihkiachwang, and bomb bridge near Chihsien.


8/4/05

FEAF

B-25's over Kyushu hit industrial area near Takanabe, bombing warehouses, factories, railroad bridge, and M/Y. B-25's and P-38's spt ground forces on Luzon, hitting Japanese forces near Santa Ines, in Butitio area, and near Mount Obudan. B-24's spt ground action S of Fabrica. B-24's bomb Miti A/F. P-38's on sweep over Singapore claim 2 Japanese planes downed.


8/5/05

Fourteenth AF

20 P-51's knock out bridge NW of Anyang and damage another NE of Kiehsiu, attack railroad tgts during sweeps from Taiynan to Suchow and Tehsien to Pengpu, and strafe rivercraft between Ichang and Lokehang.


8/5/05

FEAF

330-plus B-24's, B-25's, A-26's, P-47's, and P-51's pound Tarumizu town, industrial area on Kyushu and many T/Os on Kyushu and in the Ryukyus. P-38's spt ground forces on Luzon, hitting Japanese concentrations ENE of Naguilian, near Mount Data, and at other points. B-24's pound Japanese positions S of Fabrica. Other B-24's bomb supply and personnel areas and AA positions in Makassar area. B-24's also bomb Miti.


8/5/05

Twentieth AF

During 5/6 Aug, 470-plus B-29's fly incendiary raids against cities of Saga, Mae Bashi, Imabari, and Nishinomiya-Mikage, 106 bomb coal liquefaction company at Ube, and 27 mine waters of Sakai, Yonago, Nakaumi Lagoon, Miyazu,
Maizuru, Tsuruga, Obama, Najin and Geijitsu area.


8/5/05

VII FC

VII FC is officially assigned to Twentieth AF. 100-plus P-51's strike A/Fs and military installations in large area around Tokyo, scoring especially effective hits at Katori A/F.


8/6/45

Fourteenth AF

10 P-51's and P-47's damage 10 locomotives between Tehsien and Suchow and 5 around Anyang, Kaifeng, and Loyang, and lightly damage bridges N of Chihsien and S of Houmachen.


8/6/45

FEAF

Okinawa-based aircraft pound tgt.s on Kyushu. 150-plus P-47's and A-26's fight bad weather to hit the primary, Miyakonojo. 170-plus B-24's, B-25's, and P-47's hit Kagoshima as secondary tat. 60-plus B-25's and P-51's attack shipping and ground T/Os in Tsushima Strait area and in N Ryukyus. P-51's operating in area between Kyushu and Korea bomb A/F and strafe numerous T/Os on Saishu I. P-47's bomb Anjo on Tanega I. Other aircraft, operating individually or in pairs, hit various T/Os on S Korea coast, in Inland Sea, S Honshu, W Shikoku I, throughout the N Ryukyus, and in Shanghai area. B-24's pound resistance pockets on Negros I.


8/6/45

Twentieth AF

The world's first atomic attack takes place. At 0245 Col Paul W Tibbets pilots the B-29 Enola Gay off the runway at North Field, Tinian. At 2-min intervals, 2 observation B-29's follow Maj Charles W Sweeney's Great Artiste and Capt George W Marquardt's No 91. At 0915 (0816 Japan time) the atomic bomb is released over Hiroshima from 31,600 ft. It explodes 50 secs later. More than 80 per cent of the city's buildings are destroyed and over 71,000 people (Japanese figures; US figures say from 70,000 to 80,000) are killed. The Enola Gay lands on Tinian at 1458, followed within the hr by the 2 observation planes.


8/6/45

VII FC

Almost 100 ftrs from Iwo Jima attack A/Fs and military installations at 6 locations throughout general area around Tokyo.


8/7/45

Fourteenth AF

Fourteenth AF moves from Kunluing to Paishiyi.


8/7/45

FEAF

P-47's cover Twentieth AF B-29 strike against Kyushu tgts. B-24's and A-26's over Kyushu pound Tsuiki A F. Other B-24's start fires at Omura. B-25's hit bridges and other tgts at Matsubase and Kawaj iri and bomb convoy off Pusan. Other B-25's hit Chiran and Izumi A/Fs. FBs attack and considerably damage comm and transportation facilities throughout Kyushu. B-24's bomb Takno A/F. B-25's and P-38's spt ground forces near Ambuclao, Kiangan, Batangan, Aparri, Malikayan, Bontoc, and Tabayoc and Palugloko Mountains. In NEI B-24's bomb area E of Bandjermasin, and P-51's hit harbor at Soerabaja.


8/7/45

Twentieth AF

124 B-29's, escorted by VII FC ftrs, bomb naval arsenal at Toyokawa. During 7/8 Aug, 29 others drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, at Miyazu, Maizuru, Tsuruga, Obama and at Najin. FEAF P-47's provide cover.


8/7/45

VII FC

After escorting B-29's on bombing mission, P-51's attack railroad tgts and shipping in and near Magarimatsu, Chofu, Atsugi, and Sagami.


8/7/45

Eleventh AF

5 B-24's bomb Kataoka A F. AA fire damages 2 B-24's.


8/8/45

International

USSR declares war on Japan.


8/8/45

Fourteenth AF

10 P-51's hit buildings, trucks, rivercraft, and other T/Os in Poaching, Hengyang, and Chuanhsien areas.


8/8/45

FEAF

Okinawa-based B-24's, B-25's, A-26's, P-51's and P-47's carry out numerous strikes against tgts on Kyusha. Tgts include Usa and TsuiKki A/Fs, comm and transport tgts all over Kyushu, shipping between Kyusha and Korea, and T/Os in the Ryukyus, on China coast, and on Formosa. P-47's escorting B-29's claim 10 Japanese planes downed. B-24's bomb Shinchiku A/F. B-24's on shipping search hit Lolobata A/F. B-24's spt ground forces in Lenatin R Valley and SSE of Mankayan, in Kiangan area, and NW of Bagabag.


8/8/45

Twentieth AF

Shortly before noon, 221 B-29's drop incendiaries on Yawata. Late in the afternoon about 60 VHBs bomb aircraft plant and arsenal complex at Tokyo, while during 8/9 Aug 91 others hit Fukuyama with incendiaries.


8/8/45

VII FC

100-plus ftrs from Iwo Jima hit A/F, factory building, barracks, and rail installation in Osaka area.


8/9/45

International

Soviet troops pour into Manchuria.


8/9/45

Tenth AF

Tenth AF moves from Kunming to Liuchow. When the war ends, the deployment of Tenth AF units to China is still in progress. So, for the Tenth, war ends amidst a major reorganization.


8/9/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's, with P-51 escort, damage Puchi railroad bridge, and hit rail traffic N or Sinsiang. The P-51's strafe AA positions and T/Os near the bridge. 4 other B-25s operating individually, attack truck convoys and T/Os S of Changsha, S and N of Yoyang, and in Siang-Chiang Valley, and hits S end of town of Siangtan.


8/9/45

FEAF

B-25's over Kyshu bomb A/Fs at Kanoya, town of Noma, shipping in Beppu Bay, bridges, factories, and oil storage at Tsuruaski, and shipping, coastal villages, and comm tgts in Tsushima Strait area. A-26's and A-20's hit Kanoya A/F and industrial areas of Kushikino, Minato, and Shimahira. B-24s over W Honshu bomb A/F at Iwankuni. Over 200 P-47's and P-51's hit numerous tgts on Shikoku, Kyushu, and in the Ryukyus including A/F's, barracks, harbor installations, bridges, shipping, vehicles, and various factories and storage facilities. B-24's bomb military stores at Matsuyama. B-25's and P-38's spt ground forces in areas in N of Baguio, SSE of Mankayan, S of Kabayan, SE of Cervantes, near Kiangan, and NW of Infanta. B-24s over Amboina-Ceram bomb Laha barracks.


8/9/45

Twentieth AF

Second and last atomic bomb of World War II is dropped on Japan. Maj Charles W Sweeney pilots a B-29, Bock's Car, off runway at North Field, Tinian, at 0230. He is followed by 2 observation B-29's-the Great Artiste piloted by Capt Frederick C Bock (who has exchanged planes with Sweeney for the mission) and another VHB piloted by Maj James I Hopkins (who loses contact with the other 2 B-29's). The primary tgt, Kokura, is obscured by bad weather. The attack is made against the secondary tgt, Nagasaki. The bomb, dropped from 28,900 ft at 1158 (1058 Nagasaki time), explodes about a min after release. Japanese reports claim nearly 24,000 killed. US figures estimate about 35,000. The attacking B-29's refuel on Okinawa, and return to Tinian by 2339. During 9/10 Aug, 95 B-29's bomb Nippon Oil Refinery at Amagasaki.


8/10/45

Fourteenth AF

Gen Stone assumes cmd of Fourteenth AF, replacing Gen Chennault. 5 B-25's and 4 P-51's bomb bivouac S of Siangyin, hit convoys S of Siangtan and in Siang-Chiang Valley, pound storage area and AA positions at Nanchang, and hit truck concentration N of Hengshan. More than 50 P-47's and P-51's attack rivercraft, railroad tgts, troops, trucks, and bridges at several points in S and E China.


8/10/45

FEAF

80 B-24's, 118 MBs, and 220-plus P-47's and P-38's pound Kumamoto area. 20-plus B-24's bomb Oita area. 39 P-51's provide cover over both tgts. Nearly 40 B-25's attack destroyers, cargo ships, and small vessels during shipping sweep between Kyushu and Korea. P-47's bomb Sasebo Harbor. P-51's hit various T/Os on Honshu and Kyushu and B-25's bomb T/Os in the N Ryukyus. B-24's bomb Shinchiku. P-38's hit troop concentrations near Mount Pulog and ENE of Dupax.


8/10/45

Twentieth AF

70 B-29's bomb arsenal complex at Tokyo. VII FC provides escort. During 10/11 Aug, 31 VHBs mine Shimonoseki Strait, Nakaumi Lagoon, and waters at Sakai, Yonago and Wonsan.


8/11/45

Fourteenth AF

9 P-51's attack troops, trains, and rivercraft around Chenhsien, Tehsien, and Hengyang.


8/11/45

FEAF

Okinawa-based B-24's, B-25's, A-26's, A-20's, and ftrs flying about 530 sorties cause extensive destruction of shipping and shore installations in the Inland Sea, in Tsushima area, and of comm, transportation, and other tgts throughout Kyushu. Phil Is-based B-24's bomb Heito A/ F and Laha barracks. P-38's hit buildings near Dibuluan and fieldguns near Kiangan.


8/12/45

International

Soviet troops move into Korea.


8/12/45

Ninth AF

Col Reginald F Vance becomes cmdr of 9th Air Div.


8/12/45

FEAF

B-24's from Okinawa bomb Matsuyama A/F. B-25's and A-26's hit Chiran and Kanoya A/Fs while other A-26's and A-20's and P-47's hit towns of Kushikino, Akune, and Miyazaki. More B-25's and FBs hit shipping and comm tgts in Kyushu, N Ryukyus, and between Japan and Korea. The aircraft claim several small merchant ships sunk ancl damaged, and numerous bridges, railroads, factories, and other T/Os hit. B-24's from the Phil Is pound Kagi A/F and Takao M/Y. P-38's spt ground forces in or near Kabayan, Kiangan, and Uldugan.


8/12/45

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's make a combined visual and radar bomb run over Kataoka. 3 more bomb Suribachi A/F, hitting runways and buildings. 1 B-24 flies a radar-ferret mission.


8/13/45

FEAF

B-24's and B-25's from Okinawa pound shipping in waters off Korea and Kyushu and in Inland Sea claiming several vessels sunk and damaged. P-47's over Keijo encounter 20 aircraft and claim at least 16 shot down. B-25's attack Japanese forces near Palaciaan. P-38's hit shipping in Singapore area.


8/13/45

Eleventh AF

Eleventh AF dispatches its last combat mission when 6 B-24's radar-bomb Kashiwabara staging area, leaving huge columns of smoke.


8/14/45

FEAF

B-25's, P-47's and P-51's attack shipping in Korea and Kyushu waters, claiming several vessels destroyed and damaged. P-47's over Osaka-Nagoya area claim several Japanese aircraft shot down.


8/14/45

Twentieth AF

302 B-29's bomb naval arsenal at Hikari and Osaka Army Arsenal while 108 bomb railroad yards at Marifu. VII FC planes escort VHBs over Osaka area. During 14/15 Aug, 160-plus B-29's attack Kumagaya and Isezaki with incendiaries while 132 (in the longest nonstop unstaged B-29 bombing mission from the Marianas-3,650 mi) bomb Nippon Oil Company at Tsuchizakiminato. 39 others mine waters at Nanao, Shimonoseki, Miyazu, and Hamada. These are the final B-29 combat missions against Japan. Before the last B-29's return, President Truman announces the unconditional surrender of Japan. Immediately thereafter, 11th Airborne Div leaves Phil Is by air for Okinawa, where it goes on standby as the initial occupation force for Japan.


8/14/45

VII FC

After escorting B-29 strike over Osaka area, 160-plus ftrs (from VII FC on Iwo Jima) fly last fighter strike against Japan Home Islands, hitting A/Fs and other military installations in Nagoya general area.


8/15/45

International

Gen MacArthur is notified that he is Supreme Cmdr for Allied powers. All offensive action against Japan ends.


8/15/45

Twelfth AF

All units are transferred or redeployed with exception of 6719th WAC HQ Pltn (an assigned unit) and Det, 1054th MP Co, Avn.


8/21/45

Eleventh AF

2 B-24's are prevented by cloud cover from taking photos of Soviet occupation of Kurils. 4 others abort a photo mission to Paramushiru and Shimushu due to weather.


8/23/45

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's fly photo mission over Paramushiru and Shimushu.


8/24/45

Eleventh AF

B-24's try to photo Soviet occupation of Kurils but are impeded by clouds.


8/27/45

Thirteenth AF

XIII BC moves from Morotai to Clark Field.


8/27/45

Twentieth AF

B-29's begin supplying prisoners-of-war and internee camps in Japan, China, and Korea with medical supplies, food, and clothing. The first supply drop (to Weihsien Camp near Peking) is followed by a concentrated effort of 900 sorties in a period of less than a month. 4,470 tons of supplies are dropped to about 63,500 prisoners in 154 camps.


8/28/45

Twelfth AF

With discontinuance of 6719th WAC HQ Pltn, the Det, 1054th MP Co, Avn, remains the only unit still attached to Twelfth AF.


8/28/45

Japan

Occupation of Japan officially begins as adv party arrives in Home Islands. The 11th Airborne Division landed at Atsugi airfield while Marines land at Yokosuka naval base.


8/30/45

Japan

Occupation in force begins when 11th Airborne Div is flown to Atsugi A/F and Marines land at Yokosuka naval base.


8/31/45

Twelfth AF

Twelfth AF is inactivated in Italy.


8/31/45

Fifteenth AF

Col Elmer J Rogers Jr assumes cmd of Fifteenth AF until its inactivation on 15 Sep 45.


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