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03/01/43

NAAF

Gen Cannon takes cmd of NATC. B-17's bomb docks and shipping, also hit railroad yards and town area, at Cagliari. B-25's and B-26's of NASAF attack bridges and AA gun positions in La Hencha area. Other B-26's attack freighter NE of Bizerte. Ftrs escort bmrs and hit ground forces in battle areas around Sidi Nsir and Bedja. B-25's of NATAF bomb Mateur area.


03/01/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Spaatz assumes cmd of Twelfth AF in Algeria. Col Lawrence P Hickey becomes acting cmdr of XII FC until arrival of Gen Quesada.


03/01/43

Ninth AF

B-24's raid harbor at Naples; 1 bombs Soverato while 2 others hit Staletti and Catanzaro as T/Os. AA fire is accurate and several HBs are hit over Naples and Palmi.


03/01/43

Tenth AF

46 P-40's hit T/Os in Nsopzup area and throughout Hukawng Valley.


03/01/43

Fifth AF

A-20's bomb and strafe forces at Guadagasal and along trails throughout Mubo, Komiatum, and Salamaua area. B-17's bomb runway at Gasmata. B-24's carry out single-plane attacks on shipping off Soemba and Soembawa, and in Solomon Sea."


03/01/43

Eleventh AF

P-40's jettison their bombs when bad weather prevents a sweep over Kiska.


03/02/43

NAAF

NASAF B-17's bomb shipping and harbor area at Palermo. B-26's attack bridges and flak positions at La Hencha. NATAF ftrs hit troops, tanks, and motor transport S of Mateur and NE of Bedja as enemy renews attack along Mateur-Taberka road near Jefna.


03/02/43

Tenth AF

More than 20 B-24's pound tgts in Burma. 7 splinter part of Ahlone docks and destroy a nearby warehouse, 6 hit Mahlwagon roundhouse, and 9 attack bridge at Pazundaung, tearing up its S approach. 6 B-25's, with P-40 escort, hit camp and storage area at Lamaing while 24 B-25's, also with ftr escort, pound Myitkyina.


03/02/43

Fifth AF

Battle of the Bismarck Sea begins. B-17's and B-24's attack convoy of 8 transports and 8 destroyers as it proceeds from Rabaul towards Huon Gulf. The HBs first hit the convoy N of New Britain. The last air strike of the day takes place WNW of Umboi I between New Guinea and New Britain. By the end of the day, half of the transports are sunk or sinking.


03/02/43

Thirteenth AF

P-40's, P-38's,and a single PB4Y fly photo rcn over Munda A/F.


03/03/43

NAAF

B-17's bomb docks and shipping at Tunis and shipping and power plant at La Goulette harbor. Ftrs and MBs of NATAF hit ground forces in areas around Bedja, Bou Arada, and Mateur. Fighting around Bedja subsides but enemy forces take Sedjenane.


03/03/43

Ninth AF

B-24's dispatched against Naples fail to reach primary tgt. Several bomb secondary tgt, Messina, while 3 bomb bridges at Banco and Siderno Marina. P-40's fly FB missions along Mareth Line as probing attack against British 51st Div positions near Mareth is driven back. German Afrika Korps issues plan for counterattack from Mareth Line.


03/03/43

Tenth AF

13 B-24's bomb Mahlwagon M/Y and dock area at Rangoon. 9 others attack Pazundaung railroad bridge but fail to knock it out. 6 B-25's bomb railroad sheds at Maymyo.


03/03/43

Fifth AF

Battle of Bismarck Sea continues as HBs are joined by MBs, LBs, and ftr aircraft (US and Australian) in pounding convoy as it moves into Huon Gulf. PT boats of US Seventh Fleet also close with the enemy. By the end of the day all 8 transports have been sunk and Allied aircraft have destroyed 4 of the 8 destroyers and a large number of ftr aircraft covering the convoy."


03/03/43

Eleventh AF

4 P-40's sweep Kiska dropping demolition and fragmentation bombs. Adm Kinkaid, CO Alaska Def Cmd tables Kiska invasion plan and substitutes an Attu invasion plan."


03/04/43

Eighth AF

42 HBs fly missions over Germany and the Netherlands, 28 hitting the shipyards at Rotterdam and 16 attacking Hamm M/Y. This is first Eighth AF attack on a Ruhr industrial tgt.


03/04/43

NAAF

B-25's and B-26's fly unsuccessful missions against shipping between Tunisia and Sicily. B-17's attack convoy NW of Bizerte, claiming 4 vessels sunk.


03/04/43

Ninth AF

P-40's fly top cover mission as British Eighth Army completes concentration of troops and weapons in forward areas and awaits attack which seems imminent in view of troop movement in mts W of Medenine.


03/04/43

Tenth AF

3 B-25's bomb railroad facilities at Ywataung.


03/04/43

Fifth AF

Allied aircraft continue to bombard remnants of Japanese convoy in Huon Gulf, thus ending Battle of Bismarck Sea, a decisive Allied victory. Fifth AF and RAAF aircraft sink 12 vessels in 3 days. This is last enemy attempt to use large vessels to reinforce positions on Huon Gulf. After World War II Gen MacArthur calls this the decisive aerial engagement in his theater. A-20's hit Lae A/F and vicinity, B-17's attack Ubili and power launches off Lae and Cape Gloucester, and several B-25's and single B-17's and B-24's hit harbor and A /F at Lae and barges off Finschhafen.


03/04/43

Thirteenth AF

B-24's hit A/F on Ballale I and bomb Kahili.


03/04/43

Eleventh AF

4 P-40's fly over Kiska but drop no bombs due to weather.


03/05/43

NAAF

NASAF B-17's hit convoys NW of Bizerte while B-26's attack motor vessels between Tunisia and Sicily. NATAF ftrs and MBs hit Djedeida, Sidi Nsir area, and ground forces in Bedja-Mateur areas.


03/05/43

Ninth AF

RAF Liberators, under IX BC, bomb harbor at Naples during 4 '5 Mar.


03/05/43

Fifth AF

A-20's pound Lae A/F while HBs, operating individually, hit Lae, Alexishafen, Gasmata, and Saumlakki.


03/05/43

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 flies negative weather rcn over Kiska, Semichis, Attu, Agattu, and Buldir.


03/06/43

Eighth AF

63 HBs strike power plant, bridge, and port area at Lorient. 15 B-24's make diversionary attack on bridge and U-boat facilities at Brest.


03/06/43

NAAF

Weather cancels NASAF bmr missions. Ftrs fly rcn along battle line in Tunisia.


03/06/43

Ninth AF

35 planes strafe and bomb installations in the Mareth Line as Rommel's expected attack in Tunisia takes place and is defeated. 4 thrusts toward Medenine are repulsed by British, and enemy retreats after nightfall, having lost about 50 tanks.


03/06/43

Tenth AF

4 B-24's over Burma bomb shipping near Pagoda Pt, scoring near misses. On return flight, they strafe lighthouse on Alguada Reef, a lightship off China Park, and a radio station at Diamond I. 3 B-24's intending to bomb Pazundaung bridge fail to reach tgt. 1 manages to bomb A/F at Pagoda Pt. The others return to base without bombing. 6 B-24's unsuccessfully attack Myitnge bridge.


03/06/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit Guadagasal area. Single B-24's attack shipping off Manus and off Talasea, and hit A/F at Gasmata.


03/06/43

Thirteenth AF

B-24's bomb Kahili and Ballale I A/Fs.


03/06/43

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 flies uneventful rcn over Kiska, Attu, Agattu, Buldir, and the Semichis.


03/07/43

NAAF

B-25's hit shipping between Tunisia and Sicily while B-17's bomb convoy in Gulf of Tunis and shipping and M/Y at Sousse.


03/07/43

Tenth AF

12 B-25's attack Gokteik Viaduct, causing only minor damage.


03/07/43

Fifth AF

A-20's attack Guadagasal area and barges offshore. B-25's bomb Toeal. Single B-24's attack ship NW of Madang and bomb Salamaua, Gasmata, and Cape Gloucester.


03/07/43

Thirteenth AF

Single B-24's hit A/Fs at Vila and Kahili. 3 HBs bomb Munda A/F.


03/07/43

Eleventh AF

343d Ftr Gp moves to Adak, and the first flight of MBs is brought up to Amchitka. This enables stepped-up raids on Kiska. 8 B-24's and 4 P-38's bomb and strafe Chichagof Harbor area and Holtz Bay installations. A ftr sweep, 6 B-24's, and 10 B-25's hit North Head and Main Camp area.


03/08/43

AAF

Committee of Operations Analysts, composed of military and civilian members, submits to Gen Arnold a report attempting to set forth industrial objectives, the destruction of which would weaken Germany most decisively in the shortest time. This report, which lists German aircraft industry as first priority, is basis for much of CBO plan.


03/08/43

Eighth AF

54 HBs hit Rennes M/Y while 13 strike M/Y at Rouen. Bomb run over Rouen is considerably disrupted by well-executed attack of ftrs which down 2 bmrs including lead aircraft. This action is preceded by an earlier wave of German ftrs which occupy the ftr escort while the second wave attacks the bmrs."


03/08/43

NAAF

NASAF B-17's and B-25's attack shipping between Tunisia and Sicily, claiming destruction or heavy damage of several motor vessels. Other B-17's hit shipping and M/Y at Sousse. P-38's escort the bomb missions. Ftrs of NATAF fly several rcn and patrol missions along Tunisian First Army (British) battlefront while WDAF P-40's and Spitfires hit rear of columns attacking Medenine from the W.


03/08/43

Tenth AF

12 B-25's strike at Myitnge bridge and AA positions. Results are poor. 4 B-24's bomb Bassein docks. P-40's hit military tgs near Pebu and Wan-hat.


03/08/43

Fifth AF

HBs, operating individually, hit occupied areas in SE coastal region of NW New Guinea and also strike at Saumlakki and Babo.


03/08/43

Thirteenth AF

A/Fs at Munda and Vila are again hit by light B-24 raids.


03/09/43

NAAF

Bad weather cancels NASAF operations and restricts other cmds to rcn, patrol, and transport missions.


03/09/43

Tenth AF

P-40's hit town area and bridge at Mogaung. Many fires are started and the bridge is severely damaged."


03/09/43

Thirteenth AF

3 B-24's bomb A/Fs at Munda, Kahili, and Ballale I.


03/09/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-24's, 10 B-25's, 12 P-38's and 4 P-40's attack Kiska. The P-40's and 6 of the MBs return to base due to bad weather; the other bmrs bomb Main Camp area, North Head and submarine base.


03/10/43

Eighth AF

A few P-47's take part for first time in ftr sweep from UK. Aircraft-to-aircraft communication proves impossible because of VHF radio malfunctions.


03/10/43

NAAF

B-17's bomb El Aouina A/F and La Marsa landing ground, destroying several parked airplanes, and hit town of Gafsa. Ftrs escort the B-17's and carry out numerous rcn missions."


03/10/43

Ninth AF

Flight echelon of 340th Bomb Gp (M) begins arriving in Egypt.


03/10/43

Tenth AF

HBs strike Rangoon area at 2 points. 5 B-24's hit Pazundaung bridge. 4 others pound runways, buildings, and revetments at Mingaladon A/F. After the attack, several ftrs attack the flight. The HBs claim 3 shot down. CATF is absorbed by Fourteenth AF.


03/10/43

Fourteenth AF

Fourteenth AF is activated at Kunming with Gen Chennault as CG. P-40's from Kunming fly armed rcn into Burma, crossing the Salween and covering areas SW of Lashio."


03/10/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb A/F and shipping at Wewak. Single HBs attack shipping off New Guinea.


03/10/43

Eleventh AF

Rcn airplane is attacked by 5 aircraft. Kiska attack mission is flown by 10 B-25's, 6 B-24's, 12 P-38's (4 of them flying top cover), and 1 F-5A. 8 of the P-38's strafe ground installations. The B-25's bomb radar site and pound North Head, silencing AA fire. The B-24's hit Main Camp area. 4 Amchitka-based P-40's bomb submarine base.


03/11/43

NAAF

B-26's attack convoy between Tunisia and Sicily. B-25's in the area carry out no attacks on vessels. Ftrs escort MBs and attack guns, vehicles, and tanks in Sedjenane, Jefna, and Bedja areas.


03/11/43

Tenth AF

7 B-25's bomb Myitnge bridge, causing little damage.


03/11/43

Fifth AF

A-20's bomb and strafe Vickers Ridge and Guadagasal area. B-24's bomb A/F at Rabaul. Single HBs attack Finschhafen, Cape Gloucester, and shipping off Powell Pt.


03/12/43

Eighth AF

63 HBs strike Rouen-Sotteville M/Y. Good ftr escort is major factor in this no-loss mission.


03/12/43

NAAF

B-17's bomb docks and M/Ys at Sousse. B-26's pound supply dumps and score near misses on bridges at Enfidaville, while B-25's bomb shipping between Tunisia and Sicily. Ftrs escort the bmrs and carry out attacks on ground tgts, destroying several vehicles in Pichon area and S of Pont-du-Fahs. Wellingtons bomb Tunis docks during 12/13 Mar.


03/12/43

Tenth AF

6 B-24's attack Pazundaung bridge, causing negligible damage.


03/12/43

Fifth AF

A-20's attack Guadagasal Gap area and Salamaua A/F. B-24's and B-25's attack shipping at Amboina and bomb Fuiloro. B-17's bomb Rabaul A/F while individual B-24's hit wreck of Talasea and bomb Cape Gloucester.


03/12/43

Thirteenth AF

A/Fs at Munda, Ballale I, and Kahili are again hit by light B-24 raids. P-38's destroy small vessel off NE coast of Rendova I.


03/12/43

Seventh AF

VII AFBC is redesignated VII AFSC."


03/12/43

Eleventh AF

12 Amchitka-based P-40's scout Kiska.


03/13/43

Eighth AF

74 HBs hit area around Amiens and Abbeville. Largest effort is aimed at Longeau railroad facilities and M/Y at Amiens. No aircraft are lost as ftr protection is excellent."


03/13/43

NAAF

B-25's are sent against shipping NE of Bizerte but fail to locate tgt. Ftrs hit positions and movement in Mareth Line area, and fly patrols and rcn.


03/13/43

Ninth AF

Gen Brereton, CG, directs that HQ, DATF be redesignated Adv HQ, Ninth AF, and that the AAF tac units with the HQ be designated DATF. B-24's bomb Naples harbor through heavy clouds. P-40's fly top cover and ftr sweep, and engage about 25 ftrs in combat, claiming 3 destroyed but also losing 3.


03/13/43

Tenth AF

4 B-24's attack and slightly damage Pazundaung bridge.


03/13/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb A/F and shipping at Wewak. A B-17 bombs Gasmata A/F and warehouses on Wide Bay, while a B-24 attacks shipping off Netherlands New Guinea.


03/13/43

Thirteenth AF

Vila and Munda A/Fs are again attacked by B-24's in light raids. Also bombed is Faisi I.


03/13/43

Eleventh AF

A B-24 on rcn returns early because of adverse weather. 12 P-40's strike Kiska beach, camp and runway. Hits are observed on these tgts and among 14 parked airplanes. 8 P-38's with 8 P-40's flying top cover again take off for Kiska. Only 3 of the P-38's reach the tgt and strafe aircraft on beach. Another sights a submarine SW of Rat I.


03/14/43

NAAF

Weather cancels all missions except NATAF ftr rcn in Enfidaville-Sfax area and between Tunisia and Sicily."


03/14/43

Ninth AF

During 13/14 Mar, RAF Liberators under IX BC control hit harbor at Naples. During the day, ftrs fly cover and sweep over battle area.


03/14/43

Tenth AF

4 B-24's bomb Moulmein docks. 8 B-25's hit the oft-bombed Gokteik Viaduct but the structure remains serviceable.


03/14/43

Fifth AF

B-17's and B-24's bomb Wewak, Tring, and Madang. Single B-17's bomb Gasmata, and strafe vessel off Talasea, AA position at Cape Gloucester, and Finschhafen A/F. A ]one B-24 bombs Dili.


03/15/43

NAAF

NASAF B-26's, with ftr escort, attack landing ground at Mezzouna. B-25's follow with attack on same tgt. B-17's, with ftr escort, hit shipping off N Tunisia. Ftrs of NATAF fly tac rcn over battle area as British 18 Army Gp's II Corps (US) prepares to attack E from Gafsa area. Gen Dunton is designated CG of NW African Air Service Cmd (NAASC), to which are assigned HQ and HQ Sq, XII AFSC; all serv gps, depot gps, arms and serv units of XII AF SC, all maintenance, aircraft repair, aircraft assembly, embarkation, and mobile parachute servicing units, and base depots formerly assigned to EAC (RAF) and numerous RAF personnel.


03/15/43

Ninth AF

B-25's, escorted by P-40's of 79th Gp (the gp's first operation in the theater) bomb Zarat. Ftrs also fly strafing and bombing raids against ground tgts.


03/15/43

Tenth AF

8 B-25's bomb Gokteik Viaduct and 8 others attack Myitnge. Neither tgt suffers effective damage. 8 FBs damage bridge at Kadrangyang.


03/15/43

Fifth AF

B-25's and B-24's, along with RAAF airplanes, bomb shipping at Dobo and Wokam. B-17's, on single-plane flights bomb Gasmata and Cape Gloucester.


03/15/43

Thirteenth AF

Single B-17's hit Munda and Vila A/Fs. P-38's strafe A/F at Viru.


03/15/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-25's, with 4 P-38's flying top cover, bomb North Head, hitting Main Camp and gun emplacements. 6 B-24's with 4 P-38's for top cover then bomb Main Camp. Revetments and hangar area are strafed by the P-38's one of which is lost to AA. Next, 5 B-24's and 16 P-38's bomb and strafe Main Camp area and North Head. 4 P-40's then unsuccessfully search for 3 enemy ftrs which had earlier attacked weather airplane. Main Camp is hit two more times, by 3 B-25's and by 8 P-38's.


03/16/43

NAAF

B-17's attack shipping between Tunisia and Sicily, leaving 2 small vessels aflame. Weather prevents completion of other bmr operations. Ftrs fly rcn and patrols but bad weather hides enemy ground activity.


03/16/43

Ninth AF

1st Prov Trg Unit is established to train repl crews for MB and ftr gps. Personnel is drawn from HQ Sqs of IX FC, 9th Ftr Wg, and 8th Ftr Wg. P-40's fly FB operations against enemy positions as British ground forces prepare to conduct limited attacks as a preliminary to main assault against Mareth Line.


03/16/43

Tenth AF

6 B-24's damage approaches to Pazundaung bridge. 8 B-25's attack Myitnge bridge, scoring at least 2 hits, but the structure remains intact. P-40's hit positions N of Sumprabum.


03/16/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's strafe Mong Yaw storage area and docks, warehouse area, and rail-river terminal (for phosphate mines) at Lao Kay.


03/16/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb Lae. B-17's bomb Rapopo airstrip and attack Ubili, sub off Cape Turner, town of Marienberg, and Cape Gloucester area. B-24's unsuccessfully attack cargo ships between Bitsjaroe Bay and Fak.


03/16/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's and B-24's on harassing raids bomb Kahili, Vila, and Ballale A/Fs.


03/16/43

Eleventh AF

16 B-25's, 13 B-24's, 8 P-40's and 32 P- 38's (cover/escort) sorties are flown to Kiska in one weather rcn and 2 attack missions from Adak, and in 3 more missions from Amchitka. Tgts hit are North Head, Main Camp area, radar sites and submarine base. On last Amchitka mission 1 enemy floatplane is shot down with 2 more probables. 4 HBs are hit and 1 B-25 does not return.


03/17/43

NAAF

Weather cancels NASAF bmr operations. Tac ftrs and LBs fly numerous armed rcn missions and sweeps over Sedjenane, Cap Serrat, and Sidi Nsir area and attack ground forces E of Gafsa in preparation for allied assault. NACAF aircraft continue coastal and sea patrols. US II Corps opens offensive to the E from Gafsa area after air and arty preparation.


03/17/43

Ninth AF

P-40's fly scramble and FB operations as British ground forces continue local operations in preparation for assault on Mareth Line.


03/17/43

Tenth AF

8 B-25's again attack bridge at Myitnge, damaging N approach. 14 P-40's hit bridges at Kadrangyang and NE of Myitkyina and motor pool at Hpunkizup. The motor pool suffers considerable damage.


03/17/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb Langgoer.


03/17/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's continue harassing raids against Vila, Kahili, and Ballale.


03/17/43

Eleventh AF

8 P-38's patrol Kiska without making contacts.


03/18/43

Eighth AF

97 HBs strike submarine yards at Vegesack. 7 U-boat hulls appear severely damaged. This mission marks first successful combat use of automatic flight control linked with bombsights.


03/18/43

NAAF

Weather cancels operations of NASAF bmrs. NATAF ftrs fly sweeps and rcn over Sidi Nsir-Sedjenane-Medjez el Bab areas and attack railway station, other buildings, railroad sidings, and motor transport at Temara.


03/18/43

Ninth AF

B-24's, escorted by P-40's, bomb harbor at Naples.


03/18/43

Tenth AF

16 P-40's bomb and strafe stronghold of Seniku, claiming high enemy casualty rate. 7 others attack Nalong. 16 B-24's bomb Pazundaung bridge, causing considerable damage to the structure. 8 B-25's damage the Myitnge bridge, 8 other B-25's hit AA positions in the Myitnge general area.


03/18/43

Fifth AF

B-24's pound town of Madang. Single B-17's strafe launch at Talasea and barges NE of Cape Gloucester, while a lone B-24 bombs Timoeka and Langgoer.


03/18/43

Eleventh AF

Taking off from Adak, 6 B-24's bomb Main Camp area, 6 B-25's bomb North Head, and 12 P-38's fly top cover and strafing attacks. 12 Amchitka-based P-38's then blast Kiska runway and Main Camp area, starting fires. At Amchitka, the 54th Ftr Sq is reinforced by several F-5A's.


03/19/43

NAAF

NAAF TCC (Prov), consisting of 51st TC Wg and its subordinate units which are transferred from XII AFSC, is activated. Col Ray A Dunn is acting CO. Landing grounds are non-operational due to continued bad weather. NASAF and NATAF cancel missions. NACAF airplanes fly routine patrols.


03/19/43

Ninth AF

Col Uzal G Ent assumes cmd of IX BC, replacing Col Hugo P Rush.


03/19/43

Tenth AF

8 B-25's pound bridge at Myitnge, rendering it unserviceable. A single P-40 uses a 1,000-lb bomb against bridge near Mogaung in a test to see if the ftr can carry such 'blockbusters' and deliver them effectively. Despite negligible damage suffered by the tgt, both the carrying and releasing of the bomb are considered successful. 12 B-25's, with P-40 escort, bomb rail and river terminal at Lao Kay and afterwards strafe the area, causing widespread destruction.


03/19/43

Fourteenth AF

12 B-25's, with escort of 6 P-40's, bomb power plant and railroad yards at Lao Kay. The P-40's strafe the tgt area and a barracks a few miles down the Red R.


03/19/43

Fifth AF

A-20's pound forces in Mubo area while B-25's bomb submarine and barges in Lae harbor. B-24's hit Amboina. Single B-17's strike Arawe, Gasmata, Cape Gloucester, barges off Cape Gauffre and cargo boat at Lorengau.


03/19/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's and B-24's on armed rcn bomb Kahili and Ballale A/Fs.


03/19/43

Eleventh AF

XI BC, constituted on 4 Mar, is activated at Adak. All missions canceled due to weather except local ftr patrols.


03/20/43

NAAF

NATBF is formed under NATAF with a small combined HQ which has under it 47th Bomb Gp, 326 Wg (RAF), and air echelons of 2 sqs of 12 Bomb Gp which are attached for operational control. B-26's and B-25's launch consecutive attacks against landing ground at Djebel Tebaga. Other B-25's bomb shipping between Tunisia and Sicily. Ftrs fly escort and carry out numerous rcn missions as Eighth Army opens assault on Mareth Line.


03/20/43

Ninth AF

B-25's bomb Mareth area. AA is intense and all MBs suffer hits. P-40's escort bmrs and carry out FB and top cover operations as British ground troops open assault on positions with inf and arty. 30 Corps gains bridgehead across Oued Zigzaou.


03/20/43

Tenth AF

7 B-25's again attack Myitnge bridge, inflicting little additional damage to the structure.


03/20/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb Langgoer and Kaimana. Landing strip at Finschhafen and harbor area at Salamaua are bombed by single B-24's.


03/20/43

Thirteenth AF

During 19/20 Mar 42 Navy and Marine aircraft lay mines off Bougainville coast in Buin-Tonolai area while 18 B-17's and B-24's pound Kahili A/F in diversionary strike. This mission inaugurates mine-laying operations by aircraft in SOPAC.


03/21/43

NAAF

During 20/21 Mar, Wellingtons bomb docks at Ferryville. On morning of 21 Mar, B-17's, with P-38 escort, attack landing grounds at Djebel Tebaga. NATAF ftrs, LBs, and MBs hit Djebel Tebaga, and Mezzouna. US 1st Armd Div elements push toward Maknassy, placing it under arty fire in preparation for assault on the town."


03/21/43

Ninth AF

During 20/21 Mar, B-24's attack harbor and surrounding area at Naples, hitting a vessel, city area, and vicinity of railroad yards. During day B-25's bomb tgts, including a highway, in Gabes area. They are escorted by almost 100 P-40's.


03/21/43

Tenth AF

15 B-24's pound Gokteik Viaduct, causing considerable damage to the structure. 6 other B-24's, unable to bomb the viaduct due to haze and clouds, attack the previously damaged bridge at Myitnge. P-40's again dive-bomb tgts in Mogaung area, using 1,000-lb. bombs for second time. 3 of the ftrs bomb town area, causing heavy destruction over 2 blocks. 3 others attack bridge S of town, claiming damaging hits in the area. Others attack T/Os in N Indochina.


03/21/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's strafe Lao Kay phosphate mine area and T/Os in the vicinity.


03/21/43

Fifth AF

1 B-24 claims direct hit on cargo vessel ESE of Cape Gloucester. Other isolated attacks on shipping are unsuccessful.


03/21/43

Thirteenth AF

During 20/21 Mar 40 Navy and Marine airplanes lay mines in Buin-Tonolai area while 19 B-17's and B-24's bomb Kahili A/F in diversionary attack.


03/21/43

Eleventh AF

13 B-24's, 9 B-25's, 50 P-38's, 16 P-40's, and 2 F-5A's fly 8 bombing and strafing missions to Kiska. Some of the missions abort due to weather. The others hit Main Camp area, while 2 P-40's make no contact when trying to intercept reported enemy aircraft.


03/22/43

Atlantic

German sub, U-524, is sunk N of Canary Is, 30-15N 18-13W, by aircraft of 1st Antisub Sq.


03/22/43

Eighth AF

84 HBs attack Wilhelmshaven U-boat yards.


03/22/43

NAAF

NASAF Wellingtons hit landing ground near Sfax during 21/22 Mar. On 22 Mar, B-26's on sea sweep attack vessels near Zembra I while B-17's bomb shipping in harbor at Palermo. NATAF ftrs fly numerous rcn and patrol missions while A-20's bomb Mezzouna and FBs hit motor transport and tanks in N Tunisian battle area."


03/22/43

Ninth AF

Col John D Corkille succeeds Gen Kauch in cmd of IX ASC. During 21/22 Mar, RAF Liberators, under IX BC, bomb Naples. During the day, B-25's hit Gabes area, bombing road junction, motor transport, and troop concentration. P-40's fly 5 escort missions during the day. British ground forces, after expanding Oued Zigzaou bridgehead during 21/22 Mar, are severely handicapped by heavy rain. Enemy counterattack forces 50th Div to give ground.


03/22/43

Tenth AF

17 B-25's, operating in 2 forces, bomb Gokteik Viaduct. Several damaging hits are scored on the base and structure. 7 B-25's pound Thazi rail junction. Considerable damage is caused to warehouses, yards, sidings, tracks, and rolling stock.


03/22/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's again strafe phosphate mine area at Lao Kay.


03/22/43

Fifth AF

HBs pound Gasmata A/F and, in single-plane strikes, attack Finschhafen, Lae, Madang, and harbor at Lorengau.


03/22/43

Thirteenth AF

P-38's strafe Rekata Bay area."


03/22/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-25's, 12 B-24's, and 22 P-38's attempt 3 missions to Kiska. Only 8 of the P-40's get through but fly uneventful patrol.


03/23/43

NAAF

During 22/23 Mar Wellingtons hit El Maou A/F near Sfax. During the day, B-17's bomb shipping in Bizerte harbor. Ftrs fly rcn and patrol, bomb and strafe trucks, tanks, and troops near Bir Zallujah hit tanks and trucks E of Mezzouna and Maknassy, and E of El Guettar, where enemy ground forces are making thrusts toward the town.


03/23/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb Messina, concentrating on ferry slip. B-25's hit Mareth area. P-40's fly FB operations and bmr escort over battle area as British 50th Div withdraws Oued Zigzaou bridgehead under cover of arty fire.


03/23/43

Tenth AF

9 B-25's bomb barracks, warehouse, railroad tracks, and A/F at Meiktila.


03/23/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's strafe operations building at Dong Cuong and hit troop trucks between Tuyen Quang and Ha Giang.


03/23/43

Fifth AF

B-17's thoroughly pound A/Fs in the Rabaul area and strafe vessel off Cape Gazelle. A-20's bomb and strafe forces in Mubo area and at mouth of Bitoi R. B-25's strafe T/Os in Salamaua, Labu Lagoon and Nadzab areas, and at mouth of Markham R. Single B-24's attack Lorengau harbor and A/Fs at Gasmata and Salamaua.


03/23/43

Eleventh AF

Weather grounds all missions except weather rcn and an unsuccessful intercept attempt of an enemy rcn airplane by 2 P-40's.


03/24/43

NAAF

NASAF B-17's hit shipping and dock area at Ferryville. B-26's bomb La Scala des Souassi landing ground and B-25's hit Djebel Tebaga N landing ground. NATAF A-20's and B-25's hit troop concentrations near El Guettar (where US 1st Div is under attack) and landing ground at Djebel Tebaga. Ftrs escort bmrs and strafe ground forces along battleline.


03/24/43

Ninth AF

B-24's attack ferry installations at Messina. Direct hits are scored in tgt area and adjacent railroad yards and naval oil and storage tanks are set afire. B-25's hit Zarat. P-40's fly escort, armed rcn, and strafing mission. Just before midnight RAF Liberators, under IX BC control, blast docks at Messina. British Eighth Army prepares to assault W flank of Mareth Line.


03/24/43

Tenth AF

23 R-24's and 2 B-17's attack bridge at Myitnge but fail to score damaging hits. 8 B-25's bomb engine sheds at Maymyo.


03/24/43

Fifth AF

B-25's hit Langgoer and Faan. B-25's and B-17's, operating individually, attack shipping in NEI and A/Fs and T/Os at Gasmata and Mubo.


03/24/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's and Navy dive-bmrs hit A/F at Kahili.


03/24/43

Eleventh AF

10 B-24's, 3 B-25's, and 12 P-38's fly 5 attack missions to Kiska. North Head runway and Main Camp area are bombed.


03/25/43

NAAF

NASAF B-17's bomb docks and shipping at Sousse. B-25's hit Djebel Tebaga landing ground. NATAF ftrs fly numerous patrols, sweeps, and rcn flights over battle areas. NATBF bmrs hit Djebel Tebaga A/F and motor transport W of Sfax and Sousse (during 24/25 Mar). XII A Spt Cmd MBs and ftrs hit Djebel Tebaga A/F, vehicles near Gabes, Mezzouna, Maknassy, and at several other points in battle areas.


03/25/43

Ninth AF

B-25's, in early daylight hours, bomb installations in Mareth area. P-40's attack motor transport, tanks, and comm tgts in battle area. During 25/26 Mar HBs, MBs, and LBs blast forces gathering in El Hamma area.


03/25/43

Tenth AF

8 B-25's bomb engine sheds at Maymyo for second consecutive day. Considerable damage is done although main shed is not hit.


03/25/43

Fifth AF

B-24's pound Rabaul and shipping, wharf, and town area at Amboina. Single B-17's hit Lae, Gasmata, and Ubili.


03/25/43

Eleventh AF

Weather airplane take photos of Holtz Bay and Chichagof Harbor. 14 B-24's, 3 B-25's, 12 P-38's, and 2 P-40's fly 4 missions to Kiska. The tgts include beach, runway, hangar area, North Head, the Main Camp and submarine base.


03/26/43

NAAF

B-25's bomb Grombalia area. Other B-25's and B-17's of NASAF fail to complete missions because of weather. P-39's destroy several trucks in Maknassy-Mezzouna area. NATAF ftrs, LBs, and MBs bomb fuel dump at Oudref, roads and railway near Cekhira, docks at Sfax, and A/F at Djebel Tebaga. Ftrs strafe vehicles during armed rcn between Faid and Gabes.


03/26/43

Ninth AF

B-25's attack Mareth area, dropping over 57,000 lbs of bombs during 2 strikes. P-40's fly FB and strafing missions, destroying or damaging over 50 military transport vehicles, tanks, and gun emplacements. Intense ground fire downs several US ftrs. Following aerial bombardment, allied ground forces renew assault on Mareth Line.


03/26/43

Tenth AF

6 B-24's mine Rangoon R during 26/27 Mar. 6 others fly diversion raid on city of Rangoon, scoring hits on Mingaladon A/F, between central railroad station and Pazundaung Creek, and in Syriam area.


03/26/43

Fifth AF

B-17's attack shipping, harbor and town area at Wewak. A-20's pound forces and T/Os in Mubo, Malahang, and Salamaua area. A single B-17 bombs Finschhafen and unsuccessfully attacks ship E of Talasea.


03/26/43

Thirteenth AF

B-24's bomb A/F on Nauru I."


03/26/43

Eleventh AF

A rcn aircraft covers Attu, Agattu, Semichi and Alaid where cabin is strafed. Upon report of Navy contacts with enemy surface force (Battle of Komandorskies), 13 B-24's, 11 B-25's and 8 P-38's are ordered to hit the enemy, reported 150 mi W of Cape Wrangell (Attu). Because of mechanical failures and weather, airplanes cannot take off until 6 hrs after surface force is sighted. Thus, Japanese ships have fled when aircraft arrive at interception point. Some of the returning B-25's bomb radar site, hangar, and Main Camp area on Kiska.


03/27/43

NAAF

NATAF ftrs attack machinegun installations NE of Maknassy and train at Mezzouna, and hit Djebel Naimia. NACAF ftrs on patrol claim several aircraft shot down. Weather prevents completion of anti-shipping sweep by NASAF B-25's."


03/27/43

Tenth AF

5 B-24's mine Rangoon R for second consecutive night.


03/27/43

Fifth AF

B-25's hit Lae and Salamaua. B-24's bomb Saumlakki and attack harbor and shipping at Bogia.


03/27/43

Thirteenth AF

P-39's join Navy aircraft in attack on Vila A/F.


03/27/43

Eleventh AF

7 B-24's from Adak and 6 Amchitka-based B-25's attempt unsuccessfully to attack naval tgts. From Amchitka, 1 B-25 and 6 P-38's (of which 1 turns back with mechanical trouble) provide cover for US surface force until 1300. 6 P-38's and 1 B-17 depart Adak for a second cover mission, but do not find surface force.


03/28/43

Eighth AF

70 HBs hit Rouen-Sotteville M/Y."


03/28/43

NAAF

Weather again prevents completion of NASAF B-25 shipping strike. NATAF ftrs attack trucks S of Maknassy and near Gabes, hit gun positions and tanks near Mezzouna, where fierce ground fighting is taking place, and fly patrols and rcn throughout battle areas of Tunisia. Bmrs hit roads, railroads, and military transport in Sousse and Sfax areas during 28/29 Mar.


03/28/43

Ninth AF

P-40's launch FB attack against El Hamma, which enemy has held as escape corridor through which troops have been withdrawing during 27/28 Mar.


03/28/43

Fifth AF

MBs and HBs on individual missions attack Langgoer, Dobo, Gasmata, and barges and small boat off Finschhafen and Kerema.


03/28/43

Thirteenth AF

Last remaining personnel of the battle-weary 11th Bomb Gp (B-17's) leave SOPAC to return to Hawaii. P-38's and Corsairs hit seaplane bases at Poporang and Shortland, claiming 8 aircraft destroyed, and attack destroyer E of Shortland I, leaving it listing.


03/29/43

NAAF

Weather cancels all NASAF operations. NATAF ftrs bomb and strafe truck column S of Djebel Chemsi, troop concentration near Mezzouna, and vehicles at other points along Tunisian battlefront.


03/29/43

Ninth AF

B-25's attack Sfax and El Maou area, scoring hits on several parked aircraft. P-40's fly escort and FB missions as British ground forces pursue enemy N through Gabes. British Eighth Army completes occupation of Mareth Line.


03/29/43

Tenth AF",


03/29/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's strafe trucks at Bhamo and fuel drums at Chefang.


03/29/43

Fifth AF

A lone B-17 bombs Gasmata A/F while another attacks Mur-Weber Pt area.


03/29/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's and B-24's pound Buin and Kahili. P-38's strafe seaplane base at Faisi.


03/29/43

Eleventh AF

7 MBs and HBs, with ftr escort, bomb and strafe Kiska runway and nearby Main Camp area. Heavy AA fire damages 5 bmrs and 2 P-38's.


03/30/43

NAAF

Weather halts all NASAF missions except ftr rcn. NATAF ftrs bomb area NE of Oued Zarga, attack tanks, trucks, and troops SE of Slourhia, at Djebel ben Kheir, at Djebel Chemsi, near El Ayacha and El Avoua, along El Guettar-Mahares road, and in El Agahea area. A-20's bomb La Fauconnerie A/F, hit troops at Djebel Chemsi, and bomb tanks and troops at Djebel Berda which is being assaulted by US 9th Div.


03/30/43

Ninth AF

3 B-24's sent to bomb Messina ferry slip are unable to rendezvous because of bad weather. 1 HB bombs Crotone chemical factory, hitting center of factory area, warehouses, and rail facilities. RAF Liberators sent against same tgt return without bombing. B-25's hit landing ground at Sfax, scoring direct hits on 4 aircraft. P-40's fly escort missions. British ground forces make contact with enemy's new line along Oued el Akarit.


03/30/43

Tenth AF

5 B-25's bomb Maymyo railroad yards, scoring hits on machine shops, sheds, and tracks. 16 P-40's hit T/Os at Npyentawng, Wuja, and Mohnyin.


03/30/43

Fourteenth AF

P-40's strafe 8 locomotives SW of Lashio, exploding 3 of them.


03/30/43

Fifth AF

A-20's, B-25's, B-24's, and B-17's pound shipping, harbor, and town area at Finschhafen. Other B-24's hit Gasmata. Single aircraft attack several tgts, mostly shipping and coastal areas, in NEI, NE New Guinea, and New Britain.


03/30/43

Thirteenth AF

HBs continue snooper strikes on Vila and Kahili A/Fs.


03/30/43

Eleventh AF

6 missions are dispatched against Kiska and Attu. From Adak, 6 B-24's, 6 B-25's, and 4 P-38's are over Kiska at noon but cannot bomb due to weather. 4 B-24's, 4 P-38's, and 2 F-5A's then bomb runway at Attu. Next, 5 B-24's and 4 P-38's bomb Main Camp; intense AA fire downs 1 B-24. From Amchitka, 4 P-38's bomb Little Kiska. Next, 4 P-38's bomb Kiska through overcast, followed by 6 B-25's bombing and strafing radar, radio installations, Main Camp, runway, and personnel.


03/31/43

Eighth AF

Rotterdam shipyards and dock area are hit by 33 HBs, while others attack ship docks at Schiedam and city area of Bocholt.


03/31/43

NAAF

During 30/31 Mar, Wellingtons bomb Decimomannu A/F. During the day, B-17's hit Villacidro, Monserrato and Decimomannu A/Fs and Cagliari harbor. B-25's hit shipping off NE Tunisia. The B-17 and B-25 missions are escorted by P-38's. NATAF ftrs, LBs, and MBs attack La Fauconnerie A/F, hit concentrations on El Guettar-Gabes road (enemy positions through which US II Corps is trying to break), bomb transport in Djebel Tabouna area, attack roads in Mezzouna-Mahares-Sfax-Sousse areas, hit trucks, half- tracks, and tanks S of Djebel Berda and in Djebel Berrani area, bomb Djebel Chemsi Pass, strafe trucks on Djebel Hadifa-Sidi Rouda road and in Ofel-El Guettar area. WDAF hits El Maou landing ground.


03/31/43

Ninth AF

B-25's bomb Sfax A/F. Bombs explode among 6 parked airplanes. P-40's escort bmrs and fly FB operations, during which motor transport along highway N of Gabes is hit.


03/31/43

Tenth AF

9 B-25's bomb M/Y at Pyinmana, blasting railroad tracks and warehouses.


03/31/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit Salamaua, while B-24's bomb Babo. Individual B-24's attack Lae A/F, Finschhafen, and Samoa Pt and Timper R bridges.


03/31/43

Thirteenth AF

P-40's and P-38's hit Suavanau Pt area on Rekata Bay.


03/31/43

Eleventh AF

Rcn airplane finds impenetrable weather and returns to base. 2 P-38's make uneventful sweep.


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