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12/01/43

Eighth AF

281 HBs hit industrial tgts at Solingen after malfunction of Pathfinder equipment prevents attack on primary tgt at Leverkusen. Over 20 aircraft are lost on the raid."


12/01/43

Ninth AF

Over 175 B-26's bomb A/Fs at Chievres, Cambrai/Epinoy, Lille/Vendeville, and Cambrai/Niergnies. 28 P-51's execute a sweep over NW France, marking first Ninth AF ftr operation from UK.


12/01/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb gun positions in Sant' Ambrogio area. FBs (including some RAF, RAAF, and SAAF aircraft) hit trucks, gun positions, and other military tgts E of Casoli, at Lanciano, near Guardiagrele, W of Mignano, W of Minturno, and near Chieti. Several of these missions are in spt of US Fifth and British Eighth Army.


12/01/43

Fifteenth AF

HQ closes at Tunis and opens at Bari. Over 100 B-17's homb Turin ball bearing works and M/Y. Escorting P-38's battle enemy ftrs without either losses or positive victories. HBs claim 2 enemy ftrs shot down. B-24's and other P-38's are recalled because of weather. B-26's, with ftr escort, attack bridges and railroad facilities at Aulla, Cecina, and Sestri Levante.


12/01/43

Tenth AF

B-24's bomb Insein. The HBs and escorting P-38 encounter large number of Japanese ftrs over the tgts. P-51's which failed to make rendezvous with the HBs before the attack join the formations on return trip. US losses are high: 6 B-24's and a P-51 shot down and 5 more HBs are seriously damaged. MBs hit the newly repaired bridge at Myitnge, rendering it temporarily unserviceable.


12/01/43

Fourteenth AF

19 B-25's, 24 P-40's, and 10 P-51's pound Kowloon shipyards. 2 B-25's hit nearby Taikoo Docks, Hong Kong. 4 P-40's strafe truck convoy near Lashio, 16 sink about 30 boats in area around Changte, and 8 bomb Bac Ninh and vicinity.


12/01/43

Fifth AF

40-plus B-24's bomb Wewak, the HBs and P-47 escorts claiming 11 enemy ftrs shot down out of interception force of about 50. 3 B-24's are lost. 16 A-20's hit Cape Gloucester area. 35 B-25's and B-26's bomb Borgen Bay area.


12/01/43

Thirteenth AF

18 B-25's and 8 P-38's attack Malai. P-39's strafe Tonolai and spt Navy dive bmrs in attack on Jaba R area near Empress Augusta Bay. Other AAF and Navy ftrs cover dive bmr strikes on Kara and Ballale I supply areas and strafe tgts at Tenekow, Chabai, and Mutupina Pt. 6 B-25's bomb Sarime Plantation."


12/01/43

Seventh AF

4 B-24's, flying out of Funafuti, bomb Mille.


12/02/43

AEAF

CCS authorizes AEAF to attack 'sky sites' in Pas de Calais area and on Cherbourg Peninsula, which RAF photography and British intelligence have virtually identified as missile-launching sites.


12/02/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's, A-20's, and RAF LBs spt ground forces in Monte Trocchio area, and other B-25's, A-20's, and RAF and SAAF airplanes spt ground forces near Sant' Ambrogio. More B-25's hit bridge and approaches near Chieti. Ftts strafe trucks and trains while FBs blast gun positions along US Fifth and British Eighth Army fronts, and hit harbors and shipping along Yugoslav coast at or near Omis, Drvenicki, Trogir, Vrbnik, and Ston.


12/02/43

Fifteenth AF

B-24's, with ftr escort, bomb town area, railroad bridge, and M/Y at Bolzano. B-26's achieve excellent results in raid on bridge S of Orvieto and M/Y at Arezzo. B-17's blast submarine pens at Marseille.


12/02/43

Fourteenth AF

18 Japanese bmrs and 30 Zeros attack Suichwan A/F. 9 P-40's intercept, shooting down 1 Japanese airplane. 2 P-40's are lost. 6 P-40's on armed rcn bomb villages between Sha Nyao and Chiao Tou Chieh. 16 others bomb Japanese positions NE of Changte.


12/02/43

Fifth AF

50-plus B-25's pound Borgen Bay area. 20 B-25's and B-26's hit enemy forces in Finschhafen area. Sio area is bombed by 2 B-24's.


12/02/43

Thirteenth AF

20-plus B-25's hit Malai and attack position.s on Porror R and Rigu Mission at Kieta. More than 20 R-24's bomb Korovo. Ftr patrol strafes Chabai area.


12/03/43

Eighth AF

Note from ACM Portal to CCS states that POINTBLANK (CBO against GAF) is 3 months behind in relationship to tentative date for OVERLORD which had been set for 1 May 44. This brings more pressure on Eighth AF to destroy industrial plants of importance to aircraft production.


12/03/43

Twelfth AF

Twelfth AF transfers its entire II Air Serv Area Cmd with all of its subordinate units to Fifteenth AF, where it shortly becomes XV AFSC. This is a major step toward making the Fifteenth a separate, self-sufficient AF. B-25's bomb harbor and M/Y at Sibenik. FBs, along with DAF airplanes, hit tanks and trucks in GuardiagreleLanciano areas. Other FBs attack vessel at Sibenik and vehicles and trains N of Rome. Anzio and Nettuno are also bombed."


12/03/43

Fifteenth AF

B-24's, with ftr escort, hit Rome/Casale A/F. B-26's and escorting P-38's are recalled due to weather. Other P-38's escort supply mission to Yugoslavia.


12/03/43

Fourteenth AF

8 P-40's attack barracks and other buildings at Wanling.


12/03/43

Fifth AF

More than 60 B-24's and B-25's bomb Cape Gloucester A/F. 1 B-24 sinks several barges in Johann Albrecht Harbor while another bomhs a large transport near New Hanover. 20-plus B-24's bomb Waingapoe. A-20's attack villages around Finschhafen. P-47's shoot down .several airplanes over Wewak.


12/03/43

Thirteenth AF

23 B-25's bomb Kieta Harbor and nearby supply and bivouac areas. 6 others hit Aitara Mission. 21 B-24's pound Bonis. Ftr aircraft (AAF and Navy) on patrol hit T Os in areas from Numa Numa to Koromira, at Mosiga and Chabai, and W of Mutupina Pt. B-24's on armed rcn hit a variety of tgts, including Kieta, Green I, Greenwich I, and Korovo.


12/04/43

International

Second Cairo conference (SEXTANT) opens and lasts until 6 Dec. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Inonu attend. Churchill discusses possibility of Turkey entering the war. Plan for amphibious assault in Bay of Bengal is cancelled. A tentative timetable is set up for Pacific offensive. Unified Cmd is established in the Mediterranean effective 10 Dec.


12/04/43

Ninth AF

Ninth AF directive establishes Operation CROSSBOW for IX BC and provides a list of tgts to be attacked immediately. IX A Spt Cmd, constituted on 29 Nov 43, is assigned to Ninth AF, activated, and stationed at Aldermaston Court in England with Col Clarence E Crumrine as CO. 203 B-26's dispatched to attack Chievres and Lille/Vendeville A/Fs must abort mission due to bad weather.


12/04/43

Twelfth AF

Weather grounds Twelfth AF elements of NATAF.


12/04/43

Fifteenth AF

All missions are cancelled by bad weather.


12/04/43

Tenth AF

5 B-24's mine Rangoon R while 12 others mine the SalNveen R at Moulmein during 4/5 Dec.


12/04/43

Fourteenth AF

11 B-25's and 12 P-40's bomb Changte, which was taken by the Japanese earlier in the day. 11 more B-25's and 24 P-40's follow with 2 more attacks on Changte. Other P-40's drop ammo to Chinese troops on Tehshan Mt.


12/04/43

Fifth AF

Nearly 50 bmrs hit Cape Gloucester A/F and attack shore tgt.s from Rottock Bay to Rein Bay. 12 A-20's hit villages and supply dumps in Finschhafen area. 30-plus P-40's sink an oil laden lugger and 2 barges off Bogia and bomb bridge near Bogadjim.


12/04/43

Thirteenth AF

XIII FC completes move from the New Hebrides to Guadalcanal. 21 B-24's attack Chabai. 17 B-25's follow with strike on same tgt.


12/04/43

Seventh AF

34 B-24's from Ellice and Canton Is bomb Mille. Over 20 others abort due to bad weather. 8 B-24's from Funafuti attack Nauru.


12/04/43

Eleventh AF

3 bmrs return early from an armed seasearch, due to weather.


12/05/43

International

At Cairo Conference Roosevelt decides on Gen Eisenhower as supreme allied cmdr for OVERLORD.


12/05/43

Eighth AF

Around 550 HBs are dispatched to attack A/Fs at Bordeaux, Cognac, La Rochelle, and Saint-Jean-d,Angely, and industries at Paris. Cloud conditions prevent bombing of tgts except for 3 HBs that attack A/Fs at Bordeaux and Cognac. 9 aircraft are lost on the mission.


12/05/43

Ninth AF

52 R-26's bomb Ligescourt, Campagne-les-Hesdin, and Saint-Josse. 200 others are forced to abandon mission because of heavy cloud cover over tgts, including Vweapon sites which the Ninth had scheduled to attack for the first time. Ninth AF P-51's (354th Ftr Sq) fly first escort mission, accompanying Eighth AF HBs in raid against tgts in areas near Amiens.


12/05/43

MAAF

CCS issues directive for organization of Mediterranean Allied Air Forces consolidating British and US forces of MAC and NAAFs.


12/05/43

Twelfth AF

Weather hampers MB operations, but B-25's manage to bomb bridge at Pescara and M/Y and shipyards at Split. US FBs and ftrs (and a number of other Allied airplanes) hit gun positions S of Chieti, vessel in Poljud harbor (near Split), trains and trucks W of Aquino, bridges near Mignano and Ladispoli, town of Arezzo, A/Fs at Piombino and Aviano, and building S of Garda Bake.


12/05/43

Tenth AF

During 5/6 Dec B-24's mine waters in Moulmein area while 5 others lay mines in Rangoon R.


12/05/43

Fourteenth AF

16 P-40's over Changte area damage several large supply sampans near Ansiang and strafe various T/Os in Tehshan and Hsutu Lake areas. More than 20 other P-40's on patrols over Changte area attack numerous boats and other tgts throughout the nearby lake region.


12/05/43

Fifth AF

40 B-24's bomb Cape Gloucester. A-20's destroy small craft off New Britain. Other A-20's hit enemy forces in Finschhafen area. B-25's, B-26's, and P-40's attack tgts along Bogadjim Road.


12/05/43

Thirteenth AF

23 B-25's and 20plus Navy dive bmrs hit Monoitu, Aitara Mission, and Mosigetta area. Ftr patrols hit several areas on Bougainville and on Shortland, including Chabai, Numa Numa, Mosigetta, Monoitu, and Faisi I.


12/06/43

Twelfth AF

P-40 and A-36 FBs bomb bridges at Ceprano and W of Mignano. Weather cancels other operations.


12/06/43

Fifteenth AF

45 B-24's bomb Eleusis A/F while 56 B-17's hit Kalamaki A/F. Other B-17's return to base with bombs because of heavy overcast. The HBs and escorting P-38's claim several enemy ftrs shot down. 1 B-24 is destroyed by flak.


12/06/43

Fourteenth AF

Changte is pounded throughout the day by more than 30 B-25's and numerous ftrs. Other ftrs strafe T/Os in railway yard at Hsipaw and damage train at Hopong.


12/06/43

Fifth AF

Nearly 100 B-24's and B-25's hit Cape Gloucester and Borgen Bay areas. P-40's strafe Cape Hoskins. A-20's and B-25's attack villages and supply dumps around Finschhafen.


12/06/43

Thirteenth AF

6 B-25's bomb Monoitu Mission area, and 24 others, with ftr spt, pound Tarlena village. P-40's carry out strafing strike in Arawa Bay area near Kieta. P-3S's strafe W coast of Buka. General ftr patrols strafe Chabai, Koromira, and Monoitu areas. Kieta supply area is bombed by a B-24 on armed rcn."


12/07/43

USSAFE

CCS accept US plan for a strategic air cmd to coordinate operations of Fifteenth and Eighth AFs.


12/07/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's and A-36's bomb harbor and town of Civitavecchia. B-25's also attack Pescara, hitting railroad, road, and town area. A-36's, P-40's, and DAF ftrs hit gun position W of Orsogna, towns of Viticuso and San Vittoria, and bridge at Civitella Roveto.


12/07/43

Fifteenth AF

Heavy cloud cover severely restricts operations. 1 B-26 attacks bridge S of Arma di Taggia."


12/07/43

Fourteenth AF

Changte is hit twice by a total of 13 B-25's and several escorting ftrs. 8 P-40's strafe freight ears between Mogaung and Myitkyina.


12/07/43

Fifth AF

More that 90 B-24's and B-25's attack Cape Gloucester and Borgen Bay areas. A-20's bomb troop encampments and dumps in Finschhafen area. P-40's strafe boats and barges near Madang. B-24's bomb A/F and village on Haroekoe.


12/07/43

Thirteenth AF

18 B-25's carry out strikes against Kahili and Kieta Harbor. Torokina I is bombed by 2 B-34's on patrol.


12/07/43

Seventh AF

During 6/7 Dec, 14 B-24's, staging through Tarawa, hit tgts on Maloelap and Wotje Atolls. 22 A-24's from Makin, escorted by Marine F6F's, hit Emidj. 6 B-24's from Nukufetau bomb Maloelap, and 1 other, failing to reach the primary, drops bombs on Mille. This date marks beginning of FLINTLOCK (capture and def of Kwajulein and Majuro Atolls).


12/08/43

USSAFE

Gen Arnold notifies Gen Spuatz that he is to cmd USSAFE (later USSTAF).


12/08/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb bridges, industrial tgts, M/Y, and town areas of Pescara, Aneona, and Aquila. A-20's hit gun emplacements and bivouac area near Sant' Elia Fiumerapido. Other A-20's, operating with RAF and SAAF aircraft attack troop concentration and gun positions near Miglianico. FBs of AAF, RAF, RAAF, and SAAF bomb tgts in spt of ground troops near Orsogna. US A-36's and P-40's hit comm tgts (roads, railroads, bridges) at Avezzano, Frosinone, Viticuso, Gaeta, and Sant'Elia Fiumerapido."


12/08/43

Fifteenth AF

More than 120 B-24's and B-17's attack Tatoi and Eleusis A/Fs, railroad bridges near Orbetello Lake and town of Porto Santo Stefano. B-26's hit Spoleto viaduct, Orte M /Y, and Civitavecchia harbor. Other B-26's abort mission because of weather.


12/08/43

Fourteenth AF

9 B-25's, escorted by 16 P-40's, pound Changte. 9 other B-25's bomb Hofuh and the 16 escorting P-40's bomb 2 villages to the N.


12/08/43

Fifth AF

B-25's attack PenfoeiKoepang area. B-25's and B-26's pound enemy supply dumps on Huon Peninsula near Finschhafen. P-39's strafe barges from Saidor to Fortification Pt."


12/08/43

Thirteenth AF

Ftr patrols and aircraft on armed rcn bomb and strafe several T'Os near Kieta, SE of Cape Torokina, at Baniu Plantation, and along NE coast of Rougainville."


12/08/43

Seventh AF

22 B-24's from Nanumea bomb Jaluit, and 11 from Canton I bomb Mille.


12/08/43

Eleventh AF

3 B-24's fly armed rcn. During 8/9 Dec another B-24 off on a photographic mission over Kasatochi I, turns back because of mechanical trouble.


12/09/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb railway and road bridges at Giulianova, tracks at Pescara and Teramo, and M/Y and ironworks at Terni. A-20's hit gun positions and bivouac area at Sant' Elia Fiumerapido. A-36's and P-40's attack Orsogna and coastal tgts in spt of British Eighth Army, Avezzano M/Y and villages along US Fifth Army front, troops at San Pietro Infine and Viticuso and nearby gun positions, viaduct and railway bridge E of Guidonia A/F, crossing at Furbara, and trains and trucks in Rome area. Gen Beverley takes over as new CG, XII TCC (Prov).


12/09/43

Fifteenth AF

P-38's carry out weather rcn over the Adriatic. B-17's of 2d and 99th Bomb Gps are recalled because of weather. All gps of 47th (B-24) and 42d (B-26) Bomb Wgs cancel operations.


12/09/43

Fourteenth AF

15 B-25's bomb Wuchang and Hankow, and 3 bomb Changte. P-40's strafe sampans above Nanhsien and attack T/Os in Salween R area, including road traffic S of Hsia Chai, barracks at Tachai, and town of San Tsun.


12/09/43

Fifth AF

50 B-25's bomb and strafe New Britain coast from Borgen Bay to Rein Bay. 19 B-25's and A-20's hit barges coastal installations, and roads in Fortification Pt area. 60-plus P-39's hit Bogadjim Road, barges and enemy held villages along N coast of Huon Peninsula, and enemy positions in Ramu R valley.


12/09/43

Seventh AF

19 B-24's from Funafuti bomb Mille. The HEs claim 5 ftrs destroyed.


12/10/43

Ninth AF

20 German aircraft attack 4 Ninth AF A/Fs in UK (Gosfield, Andrews Field, Earls Colne, and Great Dunmow), killing 8 and wounding more than 20 men.


12/10/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's and A-36's attack oil tanks, warehouses, railroads, and vessel at Civitavecchia, town of Acquafondata, and (with RAF, SAAF, and RAAF airplanes) hit tac tgts along British Eighth Army front, and later strafe road traffic in Canosa Sannita-Chieti area. Ftrs also bomb vessel in harbor at Split.


12/10/43

MAAF

MAAF is established (see 20 Dec 43)."


12/10/43

Fifteenth AF

B-24's, with ftr escort, bomb M/Y at Sofia. B-26's hit bridge approaches W and E of Ventimiglia. P-38's fly weather rcn in Sofia and Zara areas.


12/10/43

Fourteenth AF

12 B-25's and 16 P-40's attack M/Y at Hanoi. Warehouse area and railroad station suffer heavy damage. Japanese aircraft bomb Hengyang A/F. 8 P-40's intercept 1 wave of airplanes over the field, shooting down 3 of them. 2 P-40's are lost in the combat.


12/10/43

Fifth AF

27 B-24's bomb tgts at Cape Gloucester and Huon Peninsula. 40 B-25's and B-26's bomb supply and bivouac areas and bridges along Bogadjim Road. P-39's strafe barges in Madang area.


12/10/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's bomb Kahili supply area and A/F. P-39's bomb supply area and AA positions at Tonolai and strafe 4 barges in the harbor. B-34's hit buildings at Arigua Plantation.


12/11/43

Eighth AF

523 B-17's and B-24's hit docks and industrial area of Emden. 17 aircraft are lost to enemy action.


12/11/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's and A-36's attack Anzio, Nettuno, Viticuso, San Vittore del Lazio, Pontecorvo, Acquafondata, railway siding at Arce, tracks and junction N of Ostia, and railway between Ostia and Lido di Roma. Weather causes abandonment of MB operations.


12/11/43

Fifteenth AF

All operations except weather rcn are cancelled or recalled because of bad weather.


12/11/43

Fourteenth AF

14 B-25's and 10 P-40's attack Shihshow and Ansiang. 3 B-24's bomb Hankow A/F. 9 P-40's intercept about 30 airplanes over Nanchang shortly after the enemy force bombs Suichwan. The P-40's claim 10 aircraft shot down.


12/11/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb and strafe Borgen Bay area. B-25's and B-26's hit bivouacs and other installations near Fortification Pt and in Finschhafen area. B-24's bomb Makassar and Balikpapan.


12/11/43

Thirteenth AF

16 B-25's, in 2 u aves, attack Kahili. Several other B-25's hit Arigua Plantation. 20-plus B-24's bomb village and wharf area at Tsirogei. 8 P-39's bomb Tonolai. Several aircraft on armed rcn, operating individually or in small flights, attack T/Os scattered throughout Bougainville and Shortland area. Allied night ftrs carry out strike on Japanese bivouac along Jaba R. Others hit Buka and Bonis.


12/12/43

Twelfth AF

Weather curtails operations. B-25's bomb road, railroad, and landing ground at Terracina. P-40 and A-36 FBs hit trucks along roads in Chieti-Francavilla area and bomb town of Itri. Ftrs fly patrols and rcn over battle area.


12/12/43

Fifteenth AF

Operations are limited to weather rcn.


12/12/43

Tenth AF

28 B-25's and 13 B-24's carry out saturation bombing strike against bridge at Myittha, over which large volume of Japanese goods is flowing to the N. Despite this large air effort only the approach spans suffer effective damage.


12/12/43

Fourteenth AF

41 Japanese bmrs and ftrs bomb W side of Hengyang A/F, causing considerable damage. 31 P-40's and 6 P-38's intercept the enemy force, claiming 20 airplanes shot down. 2 P-40's are lost. 9 B-24's bomb Hankow A/F.


12/12/43

Fifth AF

P-40's dive-bomb Bogadjim Road. B-24's make light raids on Ceram and in far W part of Netherlands New Guinea.


12/12/43

Thirteenth AF

6 B-25's strafe Arigua Plantation. 8 others, with ftr spt, bomb supply area at Bonis. The ftrs afterwards strafe Japanese forces between Kieta and the Aropa R. Other ftr aircraft strafe harbor at Tonolai and cover Navy dive bmr strikes against tgts in Ratsua-PortonChabai-Soraken areas and Kieta Harbor-Tobera Bay area. 20-plus B-24's bomb Kahili area and Poporang.


12/12/43

Seventh AF

25 B-24's flying out of Ellice Is bases, bomb Emidj I.


12/13/43

Eighth AF

649 B-17's and B-24's, out of 710 dispatched, bomb port areas of Bremen and Hamburg and U-boat yards at Kiel. This is first Eighth AF mission in which more than 600 HBs attack tgts. P-51's escorting the HBs reach the limit of their escort range for the first time.


12/13/43

Ninth AF

Nearly 200 MBs attack Schiphol A/F. IX FC P-61's, working with VIII FC P-38's, fly longest escort mission to date, escorting HBs to and from Kiel.


12/13/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb oil depot, harbor, warehouses, and railway yard at Sibenik and Split. P-40 and A-36 FBs attack defended points in Miglionico area; quays, roads, railway yard, and gun emplacements at Terracina; and bridges at Pontecorvo and W of Isolella. Town areas and bridges at and near Atina and Acquafondata are also hit.


12/13/43

Fifteenth AF

Operations are restricted to weather rcn.


12/13/43

Tenth AF

20 Japanese bmrs, escorted by 25 ftrs, hit Dinjan A/F before US interceptors make contact. However, little damage is done and the US ftrs catch the attackers shortly afterward. 12 Japanese bmrs and 5 ftrs are claimed knocked down."


12/13/43

Fourteenth AF

12 B-25's, with ftr escort, bomb Li-Chou and Kungan. 8 B-25's pound Wuchang A/F. 16 P-40's on armed rcn strafe T/Os from Changte to Linli to Li-Chou.


12/13/43

Fifth AF

More than 100 B-24's and B-25's and several P-40's bomb Gasmata. A-20's hit villages along Bogadjim Road. A small flight of P-39's strafe barges along Huon Peninsula.


12/13/43

Thirteenth AF

17 B-25's bomb Porton, and their ftr escorts strafe Tenekow bivouac areas during return flight. 24 B-24's bomb Bonis. 6 B-25's carry out low-level strikes against concentrations on Numa Numa.


12/13/43

Seventh AF

10 B-24's, staging through Baker I from Canton I, bomb Wotje.


12/14/43

Twelfth AF

MBs hit Orte, concentrating on M/Y. LBs attack road bridge SW of Pontecorvo in front of US Fifth Army lines. P-40 FBs hit bridges S of Roccasecca and E of Atina. A-36's destroy bridge at Ceprano and bomb railroad yards, town area, and highway at Sora, and docks and town area of Civitavecchia.


12/14/43

Fifteenth AF

More than 15() R17's and B-24's, with ftr escorts, bomb Kalamaki, Eleusis, and Tatoi A/Fs. HBs claim 10 ftrs shot down.


12/14/43

Fourteenth AF

13 B-25's, with ftr escort, bomb Shasi. 6 P-40's on armed rcn strafe Gia Lam A/F and railroad yard. 2 others strafe supply trucks S of Tengchung.


12/14/43

Fifth AF

In heaviest raid to date in SWPA, 228 B-24's, B-25's, and A-20's bomb Arawe in an almost continuous attack from 0645 to 1548. Gasmata is hit by B-25's and B-26's. P-39's strafe barges along Huon Peninsula. B-24's on armed rcn hit Saidor, Gasmata, and Unea.


12/14/43

Thirteenth AF

18 B-24's, with ftr spt, bomb positions on Sohano I. 18 B-25's and 8 ftrs hit Manob village E of Buka Passage. Other Thirteenth AF ftrs hit gun positions, comm tgts, and other T/Os at scattered points in Bougainville-Shortland areas and cover Navy dive bmr strikes against AA positions in Chabai area."


12/14/43

Seventh AF

16 B-24's, flying out of bases in Ellice Is, bomb Maloelap.


12/15/43

Ninth AF

Ninth AF comes under operational control of AEAF. New directive for tac bmr operations lists reduction of enemy ftr forces as basic objective. A Ninth AF planning staff, composed of officers who have had service with COSSAC, is set up in London.


12/15/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb A/F at Mostar, and A-36 and P-40 FBs attack vessels, vehicles, and parked aircraft N and E of Peljesac Peninsula, near Mostar, and at Zemonico landing ground. B-25's and A-20's bomb roads at Pontecorvo and N of Frosinone. FBs blast gun positions along US Fifth Army front.


12/15/43

Fifteenth AF

B-17's, with P-38 and P-47 escorts, bomb M/Ys at Bolzano and Innsbruck. B-24's, with P-38 escort, attack Avisio viaduct. All tgts suffer considerable damage."


12/15/43

EAC

EAC, a combined USBritish Cmd, is formed under Gen Stratemeyer, with AVM Williams as Asst Cmdr. HQ, at New Delhi, will control all operational air units in Assam and Burma which presently make up Tenth AF and RAF Bengal Air Cmd. Major components of EAC are to be Third Tac AF' under AM Baldwin, Strategic AF under Gen Davidson, TCC under Gen Old, and Photo Rcn Force under Gp Capt Stewart G Wise. Strategic AF and TCC are activated on this date, the former having HQ at Belvedere Palace, Calcutta, and the latter at Comilla.


12/15/43

Fourteenth AF

25 P-40's strafe parked aircraft, trucks, and several buildings at Pailochi. At least 3 enemy airplanes are destroyed. 2 B-25's on sea sweep over Gulf of Tonkin claim 1 ocean-going tug sunk. 16 P-40's on armed rcn strafe towns of Owchihow and Shihshow. 6 others attack town of Luchiangpa and villages in the area.


12/15/43

Fifth AF

As a preliminary to main invasion of New Britahl, US forces under cmd of Gen Cunningham land on W coast of Arawe peninsula about 0700 following naval and air bombardment B-25's pound villages in Arawe area. B-24's bomb Cape Gloucester while P-39's strafe barges at Reiss Pt. B-25's hit 2 freighters on Timor."


12/15/43

Thirteenth AF

21 B-24's strike Sohano I. 6 B-25's hit installations in Numa Numa-Arigua area. 23 B-25's and 16 ftrs attack Buka, causing heavy damage in Chinatown area. P-40's destroy bridge at Runai. Numerous T/Os are attacked by AAF aircraft, operating individually and in small flights, on armed rcn over Bougainville and other N Solomons areas.


12/15/43

Seventh AF

20 B-24's from Nanumea hit Maloelap. 10, staging from Canton I through Baker I, bomb Wotje. 1 B-24 is lost on Maloelap raid. 2 enemy ftrs are claimed destroyed."


12/16/43

Eighth AF

535 HBs attack port area and T/Os at Bremen. Due to faulty comm, 1 combat wg mistakenly assumes mission is being abandoned and returns to base without attacking.


12/16/43

Ninth AF

Basic directive for IX BC trg is issued on this date. Since most of IX BC's combat units have been operational for some time earlier under VIII A Spt Cmd extensive trg will not begin until after the first of the year when inexperienced units begin to arrive.


12/16/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb shipping at Zara and harbor and M/Y at Sibenik. A-20's attack gun positions near Mignano. P-40's and A-36's hit gun batteries and strongpoints along British Eighth Army front S and E of Chieti, gun emplacements and troop concentrations all along US Fifth Army front, especially NE and S of Cassino, and also bomb Roccasecca and docks at Civitavecchia. P-40's and P-47's hit vessel S of Zara and strafe T/Os on Peljesac Peninsula.


12/16/43

Fifteenth AF

B-24's attack railroad bridge and tunnel at Dogna and railroad between Dogna and Chiusaforte.


Escorting P-38's strafe trains and oil tanks between Portogruaro and Latisana. B-17's, escorted by P-38's and P-47's, bomb Padua M/Y and rail junction Rail lines, rolling stock, and buildings are damaged extensively.


12/16/43

Fourteenth AF

9 B-25's and 11 P-40's hit NW part of Owchihkow. 4 B-25's on sweeps over S China Sea damage freighter S of Nampang I, bomb Tunguan docks, and shoot down 1 bmr. 15 P-40's on armed rcn strafe Pailochi A/F. 11 others strafe boats in channels N of Nanhsien. 6 P-38's strafe troop train near Changanyi and attack 25 sampans (destroying most of them) on Yangtze R just above Huangtang Lake.


12/16/43

Fifth AF

HBs hit Cape Gloucester. MBs hit Sio and Kelana Harbor. P-40's hit Timoeka area.


12/16/43

Thirteenth AF

14 B-24's bomb Monoitu. Smaller flights of B-24's bomb Poporang I, Sohano I, and dispersal areas at Bonis A/F. 5 B-25's, with ftr cover, hit Sankau I. B-34's attack tgts on Green I and in Mawareka, Marveiropa, and Mamaregu areas. Ftr aircraft spt Navy dive bmr strikes on Sohano I and gun positions at Bonis and afterwards strafe T/Os at several points on Bougainville."


12/17/43

Ninth AF

Ninth AF planning gp joins 21 Army Gp, AEAF, and RAF Second Tac AF in preparation of air section of initial joint plan (Operation NEPTUNE) for Operation OVERLORD. This begins planning which later results in massive Ninth AF plan for moving the Ninth into battle on continent of Europe.


12/17/43

Twelfth AF

A-20's strike arty concentration near Sant'Elia Fiumerapido. All B-25 missions are abortive. P-40's and P-51's (with SAAF escort) strafe vessel near Trpanj. A-36's and P-40 FBs bomb positions at Monte Trocchio, Cervaro, and Cardito, and M/Y, barracks, warehouses, and docks at Nettuno and Anzio.


12/17/43

Fifteenth AF

Operations are restricted to weather rcn.


12/17/43

Fourteenth AF

6 P-40's bomb and strafe barracks near Kunlong. 6 others bomb and strafe T/Os in Hanoi.


12/17/43

Fifth AF

P-47's intercept 35-40 aircraft attacking Allied forces on Arawe peninsula. At least 10 airplanes are claimed shot down. Cape Gloucester and nearby shipping are attacked by B-24's and B-25's. B-25's bomb Sio area. P-39's sink 2 barges during sweep along Huon Peninsula.


12/17/43

Thirteenth AF

18 B-25's strike Malai. 6 others join Navy dive bmrs in pounding Mutupina Pt area. 5 B-34's hit Poroporo and Tarekekori.


12/17/43

Seventh AF

10 B-24's are dispatched from Nanumea to bomb Maloelap. 9 are recalled because of weather. 1 bombs alternate tgt of Mille.


12/17/43

AAF

Gen Arnold sends to ACM Portal announcement of US air officers for top cmds in Europe for 44. The list includes Gen Eaker, Allied Air Forces in MTO; Gen Cannon, Twelfth AF; Gen Twining, Fifteenth AF; Gen Spaatz, US Strategic Air Forces; Gen Doolittle, Eighth AF; and Gen Brereton, Ninth AF.


12/18/43

Twelfth AF

Weather limits operations. P-40 FBs attack positions in Tollo, Canosa Sannita, and Orsogna, and strafe schooner off Trogir. A-36's hit defended areas near Cassino and at Viticuso, supply dump and gun emplacement near Terracina, and positions at Monte Trocchio.


12/18/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's bomb Var R bridges, destroying a highway bridge and damaging a railroad bridge. Other B-26's have less success against Antheor viaduct, although there are several near misses.


12/18/43

EAC

Third Tac AF is activated under AM Baldwin as a major component of EAC.


12/18/43

Fourteenth AF

27 B-24's, supported by 28 P-40's, pound A/F at Namsang. Some of the P-40's strafe Laihka A/F.


2 B-25's on sea sweep claim damaging hits on a freighter and a tanker in Hainan Straits. 5 B-25's bomb SW part of Nanbsien.


12/18/43

Fifth AF

Over 70 B-24's, B-25's, and B-26's bomb Cape Gloucester. 20 plus B-25's bomb Borgen Bay area. Nearly 40 B-24's hit Hoskins A/F. 33 A-20's bomb and strafe dumps and bivouacs N of Finschhafen.


12/18/43

Thirteenth AF

10 B-24's bomb Kahili supply area, 5 more hit Bonis supply area, and 19 others hit tgts in


Chabai-Porton area. 5 B-25's carry out low-level strike on troop concentrations at Poroporo and 11 bomb Korovo. B-24's, operating individually and in small flights, on armed rcn attack Kahili, Kieta, and Poporang. Ftrs strafe T/Os at Numa Numa, Cape Pui Pui, and E coast of Buka.


12/18/43

Seventh AF

14 B-24's bomb Mille. 30-plus P-39's and A-24's fly strafing and bombing raids against the .same tgt.


12/19/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb Terni M/Y and Orte M/Y and A/F. A-20's attack road, bridge, and town of Orte and hit Cassino. P-40's bomb Orsogna, Sant'Elia Fiumerapido, and dump near Arce, and hit shipping at Split, Trogir, and Solin. A-36's hit railroad and harbor area at Civitavecchia.


12/19/43

Fifteenth AF

About 150 B-17's attack Messerschmitt plant at Augsburg and M/Y at Innsbruck. P-38's and P-47's provide partial escort. P-47's of 325th Ftr Gp, dispatched for escort duty, miss rendezvous with HBs and instead strafe Ancona A/F, truck convoys at Porto Civitanova, train near Senigallia, and vessel at Roseto degli Abruzzi. B-26's bomb Perugia railroad installations and M/Ys at Castiglione della Valle and Foligno. 9 HBs are lost. US aircraft claim 37 ftrs shot down.


12/19/43

Tenth AF

20 B-24's fly night strike against newly expanded dock area at Bangkok, causing considerable destruction.


12/19/43

Fourteenth AF

About 35 Japanese bmrs and ftrs attack Hengyang A/F. 26 P-40's are sent up against the attacking force and shoot down 9. 2 P-40's are lost. 12 B-25's and 8 P-40's attack Nanbsien and Ansiang.


12/19/43

Fifth AF

Cape Gloucester is bombed by more than 140 B-24's, B-25's, and B-26's as pre-invasion operations against New Britain increase. 37 P-40's hit Gasmata. 20 A-20's pound forces NE of Arawe. About 30 B-25's, A-20's, and P-39's hit barges, bivouac areas, and gun positions N and W of Finschhafen. 30 B-25's and B-26's pound Madang. P-47's sweep coastline of NE New Guinea."


12/19/43

Thirteenth AF

24 B-25's bomb Moisuru bivouac and supply dump. 16 B-24's, escorted by 50 AAF and RNZAF ftrs, homb town of Rabaul and Simpson Harbor. Other planes on armed rcn hit T/Os at Buka, Bonis, Ratsua, Poporang, Kara, Kahili, Koiaris, and Nissan I.


12/19/43

Seventh AF

29 B-24's from Nanumea and Baker bomb barracks, hangars, and wharf areas on Mille and Maloelap Atolls. HBs claim 7 ftrs shot down. P-39's from Makin strafe Mille, destroying 3 airplanes and firing an oil dump. 2 P-39's are lost."


12/20/43

Eighth AF

Window metal foil strips which, when dropped from an airplane, provide an echo which confuses radar locating equipment is used for the first time on an Eighth AF mission, when more than 470 HBs attack port area at Bremen


12/20/43

Ninth AF

35 B-26's attack Vweapon sites in N France. More than 150 others abort because of weather.


12/20/43

MAAF

MAAF is established, retroactive to 10 Dec 43. Commanded by ACM Tedder, MAAF is comprised of all Allied air elements (RAF, USAAF, French, and other) which are operating in MTO. These elements previously were part of MAC and NAAF, which are disbanded. USAAFNATO is established with Gen Spaatz as cmdr, to facilitate administration of AAF units of Twelfth and Fifteenth AFs."


12/20/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's and RAF, SAAF, and RAAF FBs blast vehicles and heavily defended areas near Chieti and Orsogna, and hit fuel dump near Manoppello. A-36's bomb Terracina and hit water towers, a train, and a railway station S of Rome.


12/20/43

Fifteenth AF

30-plus B-24's bomb M/Y at Sofia, and more than 100 B-17's hit Eleusis A/F. HBs and escorting ftrs claim over 30 ftrs destroyed in combat. 9 of the escorts are lost."


12/20/43

Fourteenth AF

11 B-25's and 6 P-40's from Kweilin pound Yoyang railroad yards. P-40's from Hengyang also provide spt for the MBs.


12/20/43

Fifth AF

Enemy bivouac is blasted by more than 90 B-24's and B-25's. A-20's hit Arawe area and P-38's in the area claim 10 enemy ftts shot down. P-40's strafe T/O along S coast of New Britain. B-24's on armed rcn bomb merchant ship off Cape Pomax. B-26's and B-25's hit bivouacs in Finschhafen area and bomb town of Alexishafen.


12/20/43

Thirteenth AF

13 B-25's, with ftr cover, bomb Korovo village and docks on Shortland I. 8 others, with ftr escort, hit Buka. Afterwards the ftrs xtrafe Kieta and Tenekow. Other ftrs and B-34's on armed rcn, patrol, and night snooper missions attack numerous T/Os throughout Bougainville.


12/20/43

Seventh AF

16 B-24's flying out of Baker and Nanumea bomb Maloelap. 3 HBs are shot down; US gunners claim 8 ftrs destroyed.


12/21/43

Ninth AF

84 R-26's bomb Vweapon sites and other tgts in France.


12/21/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Cannon takes cmd. B-25's bomb Terracina. P-40's hit same tgt and also bomb positions and munitions factory S of Sant'Elia Fiumerapido. A-36's bomb positions, fuel dump, and munitions factory in Cervaro area, and hit trains, seaplane base, radar station, trucks, and other tgts in Rome-Civitavecchia area."


12/21/43

Fifteenth AF

Operations are restricted to weather rcn and to airsea r escue patrols N of Corfu.


12/21/43

Fourteenth AF

29 B-24's pound railroad yards at Chiengmai. Warehouse area along W side of the yards suffers very heavy damage. 14 B-25's, with ftr escort, attack Hwajung.


12/21/43

Fifth AF

Pre-invasion air strikes continue against Cape Gloucester as more than 100 B-24's, B-25's and A 20's pound the area. P-39's strafe tgts along Borgen and Rein Bays. P-40's and A-20's hit Hoskins A/F. P-47's claim 17 ftrs shot down in Arawe area. A-20's hit camps N of Finschhafen. B-25's bomb and cannon Madang. B-24's bomb Amahai A/F. P-40's hit Kaukenau.


12/21/43

Thirteenth AF

6 B-25's attack Monoitu Mission. During 21/22 Dec .snoopers bomb various bivouac areas on


Bougainville.


12/21/43

Seventh AF

8 B-24's from Nanumea escort 4 Navy PB4Y's on photo mission over Kwajalein Atoll. The B-24's bomb shipping and aircraft landing grounds and other facilities at Roi, Ennuebing, and Kwajalein Is. A-24's, along with Navy and Marine aircraft, hit shipping and A /Fs at Emidj I. 16 P-39's strafe fuel dumps, shipping, and AA at Mille.


12/22/43

AAF

Orders are issued for Gen Spaatz to take cmd of USSAFE. Gen Eaker, Eighth AF CG, is to cmd Allied AFs in MTO, after remaining in UK until mid-Jan to advise Spaatz and Gen Doolittle, the new CG, Eighth AF.


12/22/43

Eighth AF

439 B-17's and B-24's bomb M/Ys at Osnabruck and Munster. Heavy cloud conditions along with malfunction of Pathfinder equipment result in a large number of HBs failing to attack tgts. 2 aircraft are lost on this mission. RAF LBs attack numerous NOBALL tgts in France in conjunction with Osnahruck-Munster raids.


12/22/43

Ninth AF

210 B-26's sent to bomb special tgts in France are recalled because of bad weather.


12/22/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Williams reassumes cmd of XII TCC (Prov). P-40's and Spitfires of Twelfth AF, RAF, SAAF, and RAAF hit strong points in Tollo-Miglianico-Chieti ar east P-40's hlast bridge, locomotives, trucks, and railroad tracks at and near Tortoreto and Benedello. P-47's strafe T/Os in area around Zara."


12/22/43

Fifteenth AF

Operations are again limited to weather rcn.


12/22/43

Fourteenth AF

7 B-25's, with ftr escort, bomb Hwajung. 2 others claim 3 direct hits on freighter 105 mi S of Hong


Kong. 65 Japanese bmrs and ftrs attack Kunming A/F. 10 P-40's and a P-38 from Kunming and several ftrs from Yunnani engage the enemy force in a 50-min running battle, claiming 12 airplanes shot down. 2 US aircraft are destroyed on the ground. Damage to A/F is not serious. 7 P-40's intercept a force of 58 airplanes heading toward Chengkung, shooting down 3 of them and preventing attack on the A/F."


12/22/43

Fifth AF

130-plus B-24's, B-25's, and A-20's continue bombardment of Cape Gloucester. Japanese air raid on Arawe causes minor damage. Nearly 40 B-25's, with P-38 escort, bomb Wewak and Boram. The P-38's, B-25's, and some P-47's on sweep claim at least 13 aircraft shot down. B-25'.s and P-39's bomb A/F and barges at Madang and town of Alexishafen. A-20's and B-26's pound occupied area N of Finschhafen.


12/22/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's carry out .strikes against Numa Numa, Kahili supply area, Buka's Chinatown area, and scattered T/Os. Ftr aircraft and B-24'.s attack barge concentrations and hide-outs at Sohano I, ChabaiPorton area, Anewa Bay, and Ambitle I, and several T/Os throughout Bougainville. B-24's, operating individually and in pairs, attack T/Os neaP Bonis, near Porton, and at Sohano I.


12/22/43

Seventh AF

11 A-24 from Makin dive-bomb cargo ships in Mille lagoon. Escort is provided by 32 P-39's and F6F's. The P-39's strafe the ship and AA and gasoline dumps on the island. The vessel is left burning.


12/23/43

Eighth AF

3 P-47 sqs (2 sqs carrying bombs) attack Gilze 'Rijen A/F.


12/23/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's and P-47's attempt to spt Yugoslav partisans resisting German invasion of Korcula I off Peljesac Peninsula, but bad weather prevents location of tgts.


12/23/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's hit viaduct at Antheor and railroad bridge and M/Y at Imperia. Ventimiglia railroad bridge is attacked. Bridge is not hit but overpass, tunnel, tracks, and transformer station nearby are damaged.


12/23/43

Fourteenth AF

29 B-24's, escorted by 7 P-51's and 23 P-40's, pound White Cloud A /F in Canton area. The HBs and ftrs claim 11 interceptors downed. 14 P-38's dive-bomb and strafe Huang Shan Kou. 2 B-25's claim l gunboat sunk in Formosa Straits."


12/23/43

Tenth AF

19 B-24's on night raid bomb railroad terminal at Bangkok. Heavy explosions and large fires result.


12/23/43

Fifth AF

61 B-24's bomb Cape Gloucester during the day. B-24's follow during 23/24 Dec with harassing attacks with small bombs, hand grenades, ancl beer bottles. P-39's hit barges between Borgen Bay and Rein Ray, and P-40's bomb Gasmata and strafe Cape Hoskins. 80-plus B-25's, B-26's, and A-20's attack coastal tgis from Wewak to Hansa Bay, wide areas of Huon Peninsula, and A/Fs at Alexishafen. B-24's bomb Nabire.


12/23/43

Thirteenth AF

17 B-25's attack gun po.sitions and other tgts at Sohano I, and 6 hit positions at Malevoli in Choiseul Bay. 6 B-34's attack radar station and lighthouse on Cape Saint George. 16 P-39's on patrol bomb and strafe tgts on Shortland I. 18 B-24's bomb Taharai A/F in llabaul area. Vunakanau also is hit. Ftr escorts claim 30 aircraft shot clown over Rabaul area. This begins a COMAIRSOLS all-out offensive against Rabaul area that continues until the end of Mar 44.


12/23/43

Seventh AF

During 23/24 Dec, P-39's are airborne over Makin to intercept enemy bmrs. 2 bmrs are shot down. 1 P-39 is lost. During the day, 19 B-24's, staging through Tarawa from Nanumea, bomb Kwajalein. 9 others, staging through Baker from Canton I, hit Wotje and Maloelap. 10 A-24's, escorted by 20 P-39's, attack Mille, hitting shore installations and cargo vessel (wrecked by previous day's raid) in lagoon.


12/24/43

Eighth AF

26 HB gps are now operational. 670 HBs attack 23 missile-launching sites being constructed in Pas de Calais area. This is largest number of aircraft carrying out attacks of any Eighth AF mission to date and the first of its major strikes against missile sites. No aircraft are lost.


12/24/43

Ninth AF

Over 60 MBs attack NOBALL tgts in Pas de Calais area. More than 30 other MBs abort due to bad weather."


12/24/43

Twelf th AF

Weather severely hampers operations. P-40's fail to locate tat, a vessel at Ugljan I, but shoot down 1 airplane in the Adriatic.


12/24/43

Fifteenth AF

Over 100 B-26's dispatched to bomb Pisa M/Y fail to locate tat due to overcast. 24 of the MBs bomb M/Y at Cecina.


12/24/43

Fourteenth AF

18 B-24's bomb Tien Ho satellite A/F. The HBs and 18 escorting ftrs claim 20 interceptors shot down. 1 HB is lost over the tgt.


12/24/43

Fifth AF

Pre-invasion bombing effort against Cape Gloucester reaches its peak as nearly 190 B-24's, B-25's, and A-20's pound the area in a day-long bombardment. P-39's hit disabled destroyer offshore. Japanese forces in Arawe area are hit by A-20's. A-20's also sweep NE New Guinea coastline. B-25's bomb Atamboea."


12/24/43

Thirteenth AF

During 23/24 Dec, single aircraft carry out harassing strikes against Buka, Kieta, and Faisi. During the day, 24 B-25's attack seaplane anchorage at Bonis. 18 B-24's bomb Vunakanau A/F at Rabaul. 6 others hit Lakunai. Ftr cover for the strike fights fierce air action with interceptors, claiming 25 shot down. 7 Allied ftrs are lost. B-34's on armed rcn bomb barges and troops in N Bougainville and claim 2 ftrs shot down E of Cape Saint George.


12/24/43

Seventh AF

18 B-24's, staging through the Gilberts from the Ellice Is, bomb Wotje.


12/25/43

Twelfth AF

A-36's bomb road, trucks, and town area at Pontecorvo. P-40's, with a few SAAF Spitfires, hit motor launch in Peljesae Channel.


12/25/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's pound PisaPorta Nuova area, scoring especially clamaging hits in M/Ys. B-17's hit Bolzano M/Y. B-24's hit Pordenone M/Y and T/Os at Vicenza. B-17's of 2 gps fail to locate tgts due to bad weather, and many ftrs ticketed for escort duty fail to rendezvous with llBs in the overcast skies.


12/25/43

Fourteenth AF

2 B-25's claim heavy damage to passenger ship S of Hong Kong.


12/25/43

Fifth AF

Cape Gloueester is subjeeted to almost around the clock air attacks by 180-plus B-24's, B-25's, B-26's, and A-20's. A-20's attack Japanese forces in Arawe area where Allied outposts and observation posts are being pushed back by fierce enemy assaults on beachhead.


12/25/43

Thirteenth AF

A few B-24's, fighting bad weather, attack Rabaul area, eoneentrating on Lakunai A/F. Covering ftrs claim 13 airplanes shot clown. 2 P-38's are lost.


12/25/43

Seventh AF

10 A-24's from Makin, supported by P-39's, attack Mille, hitting runway, ammunition storage, and an AA position.


12/26/43

Norwegian Sea

British Home Fleet units sink battleeruiser Scharnhorst off North Cape.


12/26/43

Twelfth AF

Weather limits operations to uneventful rcn flights.


12/26/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's bomb M/Ys at Prato, Empoli, and Pistoia.


12/26/43

Fifth AF

US 1st Marine Div lands at Cape Gloucester at 0746. 270-plus B-25's, B-24's, and A-20's plaster the area between the Cape and Borgen Bay from 0714 to 1614. Enemy aircraft attacking the landing force sink a destroyer and cause considerable damage to other ships, but P-38's, P-40's, and P-47's claim over 60 airplanes shot down over the invasion area.


12/26/43

Thirteenth AF

7 B-25's, with 34 ftrs, attack Cape Saint George area. 25 B-25's pound bivouac and supply area at Kahili. B-34's on rcn bomb Chivaroi and Faisi.


12/26/43

Seventh AF

16 B-24's, staging through Tarawa, bomb Wotje. P-39's fly rcn and strafing missions over Mille.


12/27/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's attack vessel near Zara. A-36's attack tgts in Italy, hitting factory and railroad at Anagni, harbor and railroad facilities at Civitavecchia, bridge at Pontecorvo, and several gun positions and vehicles.


12/27/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's hit viaducts at Zoagli and Recco and attack, but fail to hit, M/Y at Poggibonsi.


12/27/43

Fourteenth AF

10 P-40's strafe buildings on Pailochi A/F and sink nearby river boat. 2 locomotives N of Yoyang are also destroyed. 4 P-40's bomb Phu Tho A/F, and strafe A/F at Dong Cuong. 36 Japanese airplanes attack Suichwan A/F, destroying 1 B-25, the alert shack, and 3 fuel dumps. US interceptors claim 4 of the attackers shot down. 1 P-40 is lost.


12/27/43

Fifth AF

A-20's attack positions in Cape Gloucester battle zone. B-25's hit villages and tracks from Rottock Bay to Riebeck Bay and strafe barges along New Britain's S coast. B-24's bomb A/F at lloskins. B-25's bomb Madang and hit coastal tgts along Huon Peninsula. B-24's bomb Alexishafen. P-47's strafe road near Bogia.


12/27/43

Thirteenth AF

20-plus B-25's bomb .seaplane anchorage at Buka, xtrafe AA guns SE of Ramandata, bomb Kahili supply dumps, and attack Kieta bivouac and other tgts in the area. A few B-34's hit barges at Ambitle and Anir IY. 16 P-38's join 70-plus Navy dive bmrs in strikes on Buka AA positions. About 40 Allied ftrs sweep Rabaul area, claiming 17 aircraft shot down.


12/28/43

Eighth AF

20th Ftr Gp (P-38) becomes operational, making a total of 11 operational ftr gps in Eighth AF. VIII FC has flown over 17,500 sorties and destroyed more than 200 aircraft. VIII BC is charged with forming and trg special organization (Radio Counter Measure Unit) to use radio countermeasures against enemy defenses. 24 specially equipped HBs, contributed by both US and British forces, are to operate in spt of both night and day raids.


12/28/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's, A-20's, and A-36's, in coordination with MA CAF HRs and MBs operating against tgts in Rome area, bomb landing grounds at Ciampino, bridge at Roccasecca and road and railway to the E of town, ships and harbor at Civitavecchia, and railway sidings W of Frosinone. P-40's hit harbor at Anzio and comm in Pontecorvo and Atina areas.


12/28/43

Fifteenth AF

15th Combat Mapping Sq (attached to Fifteenth AF from Mediterranean Allied Photo Rcn Wg) begins operations, carrying out rcn of area from France to Greece and thus providing Fifteenth AF with rcn of its tat system. Over 100 B-26's hit Guidonia and Centocelle A/Fs and railroad bridges N and S of Orvieto. A like number of B-17's and B-24's bomb Rimini M/Y and, on return flight, hit bridge over Foglia R at Pesaro and road-raiway intersection S of town. 17 B-24's dispatched to hit Vicenza M/Y are attacked by about 50 ftrs before reaching tgt. 10 of the unescorted HBs are lost. Several B-24's salvo bombs over tat area and, in the fierce battle, claim 18 ftrs shot down.


12/28/43

Fourteenth AF

4 B-25's and 4 P51's attack Yangtze R shipping at Chihchow. 1 cargo ship is claimed sunk, 2 others damaged, and an armed motor vessel set aflame. 7 P-40's bomb building on railroad siding at Yun-chi.


12/28/43

Thirteenth AF

14 B-24's bomb supply areas at Bonis. 22 B-25's hit Kahili supply area. Another large fir sweep of Rabaul area results in claims of more than 20 airplanes shot down."


12/28/43

Seventh AF

15 B-24's from Funafuti and Canton Is, staging through Baker and Tarawa, hit Maloelap, Mille, and Majuro. 18 A-24's from Makin, vvith escort of 20 P-39's, attack Mille. This attack is followed by another against the atoll carried out by 9 B-25's from Tarawa, supported by 12 Makin-based P-39's."


12/29/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's hit vessel on N side of Peljesac Peninsula and railway station at Anagni. A-36's attack railway station at Ferentino, harbor and railroad yard at Civitavecchia, and truck park near Aquino.


12/29/43

Fifteenth AF

B-26's attack M/Y and bridge at Certaldo, M/Ys at Poggibonsi and viaduct at Bucine, and bridge in NW part of Orvieto. B-17's blast M/Ys at Ferrara and Rimini.


12/29/43

Fourteenth AF

4 P-40's on armed rcn strafe railroad station, yards, and town area at Hsipaw, hit numerous freight cars between Hsipaw and Mansam Falls, and attack railroad yards at Hopong. 3 B-25's on shipping sweep along Yangtze R claim a cargo vessel and an armed passenger ship sunk SW of Wuhu.


12/29/43

Fifth AF

120-plus B-24's, B-25's, and B-26's pound positions at Cape Gloucester as US Marines take major objective, the A/F. B-25's hit Madang. B-24's bomb bivouac and comm tgtx near Sio, and other B-24's fly light attack against Manokwari, hitting town and shipping.


12/30/43

Eighth AF

658 HBs, escorted by P-51's and P-38's, attack oil plant at Ludwigshafen. 23 HBs are lost on mission.


12/30/43

Ninth AF

About 100 B-26's bomb Saint-Omer A/F and V-weapon sites on French N coast. About 100 others abort missions because of bad weather.


12/30/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb Zara, hitting junction, railway station, repair shops, warehouse, and harbor. A-20's hit Atina. P-40's and A-36's spt ground forces, hitting tgts in Chieti-Miglianico area. Vessels are hit at Crkvice, railway sidings near Frosinone, gun positions near Arce and W of Minturno, and town areas of Sant' Elia Fiumerapido, Ferentino, and .Atina are bombing."


12/30/43

Fifteenth AF

B-17's bomb M/Ys at Rimini and Padua. 2 HBs are lost on the Rimini mission. The HBs and escorting P-38's and P-47's claim destruction of 9 ftrs during air battles in Padua-Vicenza area, off coast E of Ravenna, and S of Aquila. B-26's hit Borgo San Lorenzo M'Y and viaduct, M /Y at Viareggio, and road junction near Roccasecca.


12/30/43

Tenth AF

20 B-24's pound Monywa, hitting railway facilities and the area in general.


12/30/43

Fourteenth AF

8 Japanese ftrs strafe Suichwan A/F while 12 others provide cover. 2 US airplanes are destroyed on the ground. 8 P-40's intercept the formation after the attack and shoot down 3 aircraft.


12/30/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit positions in Cape Gloucester area as US Marines completely secure A/F. B-24's and B-25's bomb Alexishafen and Madang areas, Sio, and T/Os along coast of Huon Peninsula. P-39's strafe barges along Huon Peninsula. P-47's strafe Madang area and huts between Sio and Vincke Pt.


12/30/43

Thirteenth AF

16 B-24's and 35 B-25's bomb Kahili and bivouac and supply areas in the vicinity. 19 B-24's, with 25 ftrs covering, attack shipping at Ftabaul and also hit Tobera A/F. The escorts encounter aggressive ftr opposition and claim 12 shot down. 6 B-25's bomb Korovo area.


12/30/43

Seventh AF

17 B-24's, flying from Tarawa, bomb Kwajaleill. 9 B-25's from Tarawa hit town of Jabor on Jaluit Atoll. A-24's from Makin, escorted by 24 P-39's, divebomb gun positions on Mille. Adv HQ, Seventh AF, is moved from Funafuti to Tarawa, where it remains until completion of main campaign in Gilbert and Marshall Is.


12/31/43

Eighth AF

Almost 500 HBs attack tgts in France and off French coast. Tgts include a blockade runner, industries at Paris, and A/Fs at Bordeaux, Cognac, Saint-Jean-d' Angely, La Rochelle, and Landes de Bussac. 25 airplanes are lost to AA fire and ftrs. Total bomb tonnage dropped by the Eighth in Dec, 13,142 tons, for the first time exceeds that dropped by RAF BC.


12/31/43

Ninth AF

Around 200 B-26's bomb V-weapon sites in French coastal area.


12/31/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's and Spitfires of AAF, RAF, RAAF, and SAAF, strike inf and heavy arty around Tollo, Orsogna, Miglianico, Ripa, and Teatina in spt of British Eighth Army. A-36's bomb town of Formia and hit gun positions.


12/31/43

Fifteenth AF

154th Tac Rcn Sq is transferred from XII Trg Cmd to Fifteenth AF for purpose of flying weather rcn, a duty presently being handled by a P-38 unit called Fifteenth AF Weather Rcn Det (and by some B-26's of 3 MB gps which are transferred to Twelfth AF after this date). Personnel and equipment of the 154th Tac Rcn Sq and the Weather Rcn Det are subsequently integrated, and the unit is redesignated the 154th Tac Rcn Sq (Weather). Operations are limited to weather rcn.


12/31/43

Fourteenth AF

25 B-24's pound Lampang railroad yards, causing several big fires and many secondary explosions. 6 B-25's hit Yangtze R shipping in Anking and Lu-Kuan areas, claiming 3 cargo vessels and a troop carrier sunk. 2 others on sea sweep damage passenger vessel in Hainan Straits.


12/31/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit troop concentrations in Cape Gloucester area. Nearly 50 P-40's and P-47's intercept small force of airplanes attacking Arawe beachhead area. 12 aircraft are claimed shot down. Almost 150 HBs and MBs pound Madang, Alexishafen, and Bogadjim areas.


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