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07/01/42

Eighth AF

The first B-17 (assigned to 97th Bomb Gp) of the BOLERO ail movement via N Atlantic route lands at Prestwick.


07/01/42

Middle East

British forces check Axis adv at El Alamein.


07/01/42

USAMEAF

B-24's bomb harbor at Tobruk during 1/2 Jul.


07/01/42

Tenth AF

First combat mission of CATF takes place before the formal activation (4 Jul) of the unit. 4 B-25's from Hengyang, escorted by P-40's, bomb docks at Hankow. Bad weather handicaps the bombardiers, and the effects of the raid are inconsequential.


07/01/42

Fifth AF

B-26's bomb Salamaua. Other MB and HB strikes abort due to bad weather.


07/01/42

Eleventh AF

The XI Prov BC comprising the 28th Comp Gp and its assigned sqs is activated. Col William O Eareckson in cmd. A B-17 flies weather rcn over Kiska and lands early due to weather.


07/02/42

International

CCS approve of Arnold-Portal-Towers agreement.


07/02/42

USAMEAF

B-17's and B-24's bomb Tobruk harbor during 2/3 Jul.


07/02/42

Tenth AF

CATF B-25's and P-40's hit Hankow dock area for second consecutive day. This raid, more successful than the first, causes considerable damage. The Japanese retaliate during the night by attacking Hengyang but fail to hit the A/F.


07/02/42

Eleventh AF

7 B-24's and 1 B-17 fly photo and bombing missions to Attu--which appears deserted--and to Kiska and Agattu. Near misses are scored on a transport and a destroyer at Agattu.


07/03/42

USAMEAF

B-24's attack Tobruk harbor during daylight hrs and B-17's bomb supplies at Tobruk during 3/4 Jul.


07/03/42

Tenth AF

CATF airplanes bomb and strafe A/F at Nanchang, the probable base of the preceding night's raiders on Hengyang. Several parked aircraft are destroyed. During the night Japanese airplanes again strike at Hengyang and once more fail to hit A/F.


07/03/42

Fifth AF

B-17's attack barracks area at Koepang and AF at Lae. 1 A-24 bombs Tulagi.


07/03/42

Eleventh AF

7 B-24's and 2 B-17's bomb Kiska and Near Is, encountering neither ftr opposition nor AA. Results not observed.


07/04/42

Eighth AF

First AAF air operation over W Europe. 15th Bomb Sq, flying 6 American-built Bostons belonging to RAF, join RAF low-level attack on 4 A/Fs in the Netherlands. Aircraft flown by Capt Charles C Kegelman, sq CO, is severely damaged, but Kegelman succeeds in bringing it back to base at Swanton Morley. VIII AF Comp Cmd is activated in US. Second B-17 arrives in UK via N Atlantic ferry route.


07/04/42

USAMEAF

B-24's attack convoy in Mediterranean during 4/5 Jul, setting 1 tanker aflame.


07/04/42

Tenth AF

CATF is activated under cmd of Gen Chennault. This new cmd is successor to Chennault's AVG, which had attained 300 confirmed victories over Japanese airplanes at a cost of less than 50 aircraft and only 9 pilots. Only 5 pilots and a few ground personnel of AVG choose to join the AAF, although 20 other pilots agree to stay until replacements arrive in Kunming. Combat elements of CATF are 23d Ftr Gp, 16th Ftr Sq, and 11th Bomb Sq. Col Robert L Scott is to cmd the ftrs and Col Caleb V Haynes the bmrs. In air action in China, 5 B-25's, with ftr escort, heavily damage buildings, runways, and parked aircraft at Tien Ho A/F. P-40's over Kweilin intercept a formation of FBs, claiming 13 destroyed. The Japanese fail to bomb tgt.


07/04/42

Fifth AF

B-17's, B-26's, and B-25's bomb A/Fs at Lae and Salamaua.


07/04/42

ZI

ATC, which was established on 30 Apr 42, is redesignated I TCC and made responsible for trg and preparing units and personnel for TC (airborne) operations. Ferrying Cmd, which was established on 29 May 41, is redesignated ATC and made responsible for air transport and ferrying operations.


07/05/42

USAMEAF

B-24's bomb harbor and ships at Bengasi during 4/5 Jul.


07/05/42

Fifth AF

B-17's and B-26's attack Lae and Salamaua.


07/05/42

Eleventh AF

A B-17 flies a weather mission."


07/06/42

Eighth AF

RAF invites Eighth to share membership in important RAF operational committees dealing with tgts, operational research, interception, and bmr operations. VIII AFSC sets up HQ at Bushy Park with Gen Frank as CG. 6 B-17's arrive in UK via N Atlantic ferry route.


07/06/42

Tenth AF

CATF B-25's bomb waterfront at Canton, marking their initial action against coastal facilities of Japanese-held Chinese ports.


07/06/42

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's and 1 LB-30 fly bombing and weather missions to Kiska. Results are not observed.


07/06/42

Sixth AF

German sub, U-153, is damaged in attack by aircraft of 59th Bomb Sq off Panama, 12-50N 72-21W. The sub is sunk a week later by US destroyer Landsdowne.


07/07/42

SOPAC

Gen Millard F Harmon is designated COMGENSOPAC.


07/07/42

Eleventh AF

1 B-17 and 7 B-24's fly weather, bombing and photo missions to Kiska, Attu, and Agattu. All bombs are returned to base due to weather. 1 seaplane is shot down.


07/07/42

ZI

An A-29 of 396th Bomb Sq sinks German sub, U-701, off NC 34-50N 74-55W. This is first sub sunk by AAF aircraft during World War II.


07/08/42

USAMEAF

B-24's bomb harbor and shipping at Bengasi during 8/9 Jul, while B-17's hit harbor at Tobruk.


07/08/42

Tenth AF

A single B-25 piloted by Col Caleb V Haynes, bombs Japanese HQ at Tengchung near Burma border. Bad weather, pilot fatigue, and maintenance halt major operations for several days.


07/08/42

Eleventh AF

404th Bomb Sq arrives in the Alaskan Theater with B-24's--originally destined for N Africa. 1 B-24 flies 2 photo missions over S shore of Kiska and over Little Kiska. Bombing mission canceled due to weather.


07/09/42

Eighth AF

7 P-38's arrive in UK via N Atlantic route, this being the first time single-seater AAF aircraft have flown this route.


07/09/42

USAMEAF

6 B-24's dispatched against shipping are attacked by ftrs; 1 B-24 is lost and the others return to base without bombing tgts.


07/09/42

Eleventh AF

5 B-24's fly photo, weather, and bombing missions to Kiska but return with the bombs due to weather."


07/10/42

AAF

AAF planners for BOLERO build-up estimate 137 AAF gps in UK by 31 Dec 43.


07/10/42

USAFMEAF

57th Ftr Gp, en route from US, is assigned to USAMEAF.


07/10/42

Seventh AF

Ground echelon of 11th Bomb Gp leaves Hawaii for S Pacific aboard USS Argonne.


07/10/42

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 aborts a rcn mission to Kiska due to weather.


07/11/42

Eighth AF

First formal decoration ceremony held in Eighth AF takes place when Gen Spaatz pins DSC on Maj Charles C Kegelman for extraordinary gallantry and heroism during the raid of 4 Jul.


07/11/42

USAMEAF

B-24's attack harbor and shipping at Bengasi during 11/12 Jul.


07/11/42

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's taking off for weather, bombing and photo mission to Kiska are attacked by seaplane ftrs. No losses. A cruiser is bombed with unobserved results.


07/12/42

Eighth AF

6 Bostons flown by US crews attack Abbeville/Drucat A/F.


07/12/42

Eleventh AF

3 B-24's dispatched on weather, photo, and bombing missions to Kiska abort due to weather.


07/13/42

USAMEAF

During 13/14 Jul, B-17's bomb Tobruk harbor, and B-24's hit ships and harbor at Bengasi. Heavy AA fire accounts for loss of I B-24.


07/15/42

USAMEAF

B-24's strike harbor and ships at Bengasi during 15/16 Jul.


07/15/42

Tenth AF

India-China Ferrying Cmd is activated to replace Assam-Burma-China Cmd.


07/15/42

Eleventh AF

3 B-24's on a bombing mission to Kiska turn back due to weather.


07/16/42

Tenth AF

4 B-25's from Kweilin, with P-40 escort, bomb storage area at Hankow, starting a fire that is later reported to have burned 3 days. The MBs land at Hengyang during return flight to refuel, but are attacked by Japanese airplanes and have to take off immediately. Amidst the confusion a P-40 pilot mistakes a B-25 for a Japanese aircraft and shoots it down, the first bmr lost since CATF began operations in China. The crew is saved."


07/16/42

Fifth AF

1 B-17 bombs Salamaua.


07/16/42

Seventh AF

B-17's of 11th Bomb Gp begin leaving Hickam Field for S Pacific.


07/17/42

USAMEAF

Halverson Det is redesignated Hal Bomb Sq. B-24's bomb Bengasi harbor. B-17's hit Tobruk.


07/17/42

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb harbor at Rabaul.


07/17/42

Eleventh AF

3 B-17's and 7 B-24's fly weather, bombing and photo missions. Shipping is bombed- North and South Heads of Kiska are photographed. Ftrs down 1 B-17.


07/18/42

International

Hopkins, Gen Marshall, Adm King, Churchill, and British COS begin conference in London on proposed invasion of N Africa (TORCH) .


07/18/42

Tenth AF

3 B-25's from Kweilin bomb Tien Ho A/F.


07/18/42

Eleventh AF

A B-17 flying weather and photo rcn over Kiska crashes on Umnak I.


07/19/42

USAMEAF

B-24's hit Bengasi while B-17's attack Tobruk in continuing effort to disrupt movement of supplies.


07/19/42

Tenth AF

In response to a Chinese request, 2 B-25's strike in pt of Chinese ground forces at Linchwan, a Japanese-held city under siege for some time. The Chinese CO later reports that the raid broke the stalemate and the city was entered the next day.


07/19/42

Eleventh AF

Search missions are flown over Attu and Agattu.


07/20/42

USAMEAF

Hal Bomb Sq and 9th Bomb Sq (19 B-24's and 9 B-17's) are organized as 1st Prov Gp under Col Harry A Halverson's cmd at Lydda.


07/20/42

Tenth AF

3 B-25's bomb docks and warehouses at Chinkiang on the Yangtze R. 4 escorting P-40's strafe junks on the river. This is last CATF bombing raid of Jul.


07/20/42

Eleventh AF

Gen Butler moves adv HQ to Umnak. 3 B-17's bomb Kiska (especially barracks) with incendiaries and demolition charges. 4 P-38's try to intercept 4 ftrs reported by Navy aircraft. No contact made.


07/21/42

US

Roosevelt calls Adm Leahy, Ambassador to France and former Chief of Naval Operations, to serve as CoS to CinC of US Army and Navy.


07/21/42

Eighth AF

Gen Eisenhower assigns to Eighth AF the mission of carrying out, in collaboration with RAF, the degree of air ops with the view of attaining air domination over W France by 1 Apr 43.


07/21/42

Fifth AF

B-26's attack convoy off Salamaua as invasion force heads for Buna, where it begins landings during 21/22 Jul. This move by the enemy forestalls Allied ops which were to have secured the same general area.


07/21/42

SOPAC

Initial sq of B-17's of 11th Bomb Gp arrives at Plaines des Gaiacs from Hawaii.


07/21/42

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's fly search and bomb missions over Kiska but make no contact because of weather.


07/22/42

USAMEAF

B-24's bomb Suda Bay claiming hits on 2 vessel. B-17's hit Tobruk.


07/22/42

Fifth AF

P-40's and P-39's hit shipping and landing barges at Gona as Japanese forces continue to land in NE New Guinea with ultimate aim of pushing across the Owen Stanley Range to the Allied base at Port Moresby.


07/22/42

Eleventh AF

Of 8 B-24's and 2 B-17's dispatched to Kiska only 8 reach tgt and due to fog drop only 7 bombs with unobserved results. 1 B-24 missing on return flight.


07/23/42

USAMEAF

98th Bomb Gp is assigned to USAMEAF."


07/23/42

Fifth AF

B-17's, B-26's, A-24's, and ftrs pound shipping, landing barges, storage dumps, AA positions, and troop concentrations at Buna and Gona as the enemy pushes inland along Kokoda trail. Ftrs also hit harbor at Salamaua.


07/23/42

SOPAC

11th Bomb Gp B-17's in New Caledonia begin photo rcn of Guadalcanal-Tulagi-Gavutu area.


07/23/42

Seventh AF

3 B-17's, staging through Canton I, carry out photo rcn of Makin.


07/24/42

US

JCS issue statement that HB and MB gps will be shifted from BOLERO assignments to Africa for TORCH. BOLERO resources are further depleted by decision to send 15 combat gps to Pacific theater.


07/24/42

USAMEAF

During 23/24 Jul, B-17's attack Tobruk harbor. B-24's hit harbor at Bengasi. A B-24 crashes on return to base, killing 1 crew member.


07/24/42

Fifth AF

B-26's, A-24's, and ftrs continue to pound AA positions and enemy troops at Gona as Japanese continue to push inland toward Kokoda.


07/25/42

USAMEAF

Reinforcements begin arriving from US as air echelon of 344th Sq of 98th Bomb Gp reaches Palestine.


07/25/42

Fifth AF

B-25's, and P-39's pound barges and concentrations at Gona and troops on the Gona and Kokoda trails. Japanese forces push to Oivi, within 6 mi of Kokoda.


07/25/42

SOPAC

Daily search missions over S Solomons are begun from New Caledonia.


07/26/42

Eighth AF

Lt Col Albert P Clark, Executive Officer of 31st Ftr Gp, is shot down while flying an RAF ftr on a sweep over France, thus becoming the first Eighth AF ftr pilot to be shot down in ETO. He survives and is taken prisoner by the Germans."


07/26/42

USAMEAF

During 25/26 Jul, B-17's and B-24's bomb harbor at Tobruk.


07/26/42

Fifth AF

A B-25 strike against Gasmata is repulsed by ftr interception. B-26's attack destroyer o Gona but fail to score hits. Australian troops flown into Kokoda fail to halt Japanese adv and Kokoda is evacuated.


07/27/42

Eighth AF

HQ VIII BC issues order establishing 1st Bomb Wg at Brampton Grange (replacing 1st Bomb Wg, Prov, established there on 15 Jun) and 2d Bomb Wg at Old Catton. 1st Wg is commanded by Col Claude E Duncan, 2d Wg by Col Newton Longfellow. US aircraft of 97th Bomb Gp and 1st Ftr Gp land at Prestwick, thus completing first series of flights in BOLERO, air movement across N Atlantic ferry route. 97th Bomb Gp becomes first US HB gp complete with air and ground echelons in UK. Gen Eaker and officers of RAF FC agree to use Spitfire IX's as high ftr cover for B-17's of VIII BC until VIII FC is ready for escort duty. This also will provide test of Spitfire IX's against FW-190's at high altitude.


07/27/42

Fifth AF

B-26's and A-24's hit Gona and tgts along Buna trail.


07/27/42

SOPAC

Gen Millard Harmon arrives at Noumea to assume cmd of USAFISPA with responsibility for trg all army (air and ground) personnel. Air units in the theater are under operational control of COMAIRSOPAC.


07/28/42

USSR

Soviet High Command admits Rostov's fall to the Germans.


07/28/42

USAMEAF

B-17's hit Tobruk during 27/28 Jul, while B-24's attack convoy in Mediterranean, claiming hits on 2 merchant ships.


07/28/42

Eighth AF

HQ VIII FC opens at Bushey Hall following move from temporary HQ at High Wycombe. Gen Hunter, designated CG VIII FC on 14 May in US, assumes cmd in England. Gen Candee, CG VIII GASC, announces staff assignments and begins organization of his cmd in UK.


07/28/42

Fifth AF

1 B-26 bombs installations at Gona. Gen Kenney, cmdr-designate of Allied AF, arrives in Australia.


07/28/42

Eleventh AF

Air coverage survey for Army ground operations to Adak and Tanaga Is is flown. Weather cancels bombing mission to Kiska.


07/29/42

Fifth AF

A-24's, with P-39 escort, and RAAF aircraft attack shipping off Gona, partially frustrating Japanese attempts to land more troops and supplies. Japanese recapture Kokoda, which they temporarily lost the previous day.


07/29/42

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's and 5 B-17's bomb vessels and installations in Kiska Harbor area with unobserved results due to clouds.


07/30/42

USAMEAF

During 30/31 Jul, B-24's bomb convoy in Pylos Bay claiming hits on 2 merchant ships. B-17's hit Tobruk harbor.


07/30/42

Tenth AF

The Japanese send about 120 airplanes against the base at Hengyang from which CATF is harassing the Yangtze Valley. The attacks last about 36 hrs. Fierce opposition by US P-40's prevents major damage to the base. 17 Japanese aircraft are shot down, 4 of them at night. 3 P-40's are lost.


07/30/42

Fifth AF

B-17's attack shipping in Solomon Sea E of Huon Gulf and S of New Britain.


07/30/42

SOPAC

B-17's of 11th Bomb Gp begin arriving at Espiritu Santo where they are to constitute a rcn and strike force over Guadalcanal-Tulagi-Gavutu area in preparation for amphibious assault by US Marines on Guadalcanal on 7 Aug.


07/30/42

Eleventh AF

1 LB-30, 3 B-17's and 3 B-24's fly photo rcn and bombing missions to Tanaga and Kiska. Missions are unsuccessful due to weather.


07/31/42

UK

Units of Prov TCC are organized in UK."


07/31/42

USAMEAF

The complete air echelon of 57th Ftr Gp, commanded by Col Frank H Mears, has arrived in Palestine by this date; 12th Bomb Gp commanded by Col Charles G Goodrich, is now arriving in Palestine. Thus USAMEAF has P-40's and B-25's to add to its B-24's and B-17's.


07/31/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit Gona and a nearby transport which had been previously damaged, and bomb Kukum Beach and Lunga landing strip on N coast of Guadalcanal as US invasion forces leave Fiji Is for the Solomons.


07/31/42

SOPAC

Col LaVerne G Saunders leads 9 B-17's of his 11th Bomb Gp from Efate on strike against Guadalcanal, bombing landing strip and area about Lunga Pt. From this date until 7 Aug, the 11th Gp flies 56 strike and 22 search sorties in spt of the invasion of Guadalcanal.


07/31/42

Seventh AF

1 B-17, from Midway, flies photo rcn of Wake. The HB is intercepted by 6 ftrs. In the ensuing fight US gunners claim 4 ftrs destroyed.


07/31/42

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 and 1 LB-30 fly weather and photo rcn. Weather cancels combat mission to Kiska.


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