British Aircraft Markings

Three-letter codes

During WWII, the RAF used three-letter aircraft codes. Two letters, painted before the roundel, indicated the unit; the third, painted aft of the roundel, the individual aircraft. Sometimes the letters were put in other places. These codes were also used by the RCAF, SAAF, RNZAF, USAAF units of the 8th and 9th AF, and for some time by post-war Belgian units.

Code   Type               Year      Squadron                 Location

----   ----               ----      --------                 --------



2N-    P-47                         81FS, 9AF

2Z-    P-47                        510FS, 9AF

33-B   Battle I           1941      15 (SAAF)               Algato, East Africa

3T-    P-47                         22FS, 9AF

4K-    P-47                        506FS, 9AF

4N-    P-47                        394FS, 9AF

4P-    P-47                        513FS, 9AF

O7     P-47                        514FS, 9AF

4W-    P-47                        406FS, 9AF

5A-    Spitfire           1944           329 (French)

6M-    P-47                        494FS, 9AF

6V-    P-47                         53FS, 9AF

7J-T   Meteor F.4                    7, Belgian AF          Chievres, Belgium

7J-    P-47                        508FS, 9AF

7U-    P-47                         23FS, 9AF

8L-    P-47                        393FS, 9AF

8N-    P-47                        405FS, 9AF

9D-    P-47                        395FS, 9AF

9G-P   Spitfire                    441, RCAF

9Q-    P-47                        404FS, 9AF

A6-    P-47                        389FS, 9AF

A8-    P-47                        391FS, 9AF

AD-    P-47                        113

AE-U   Spitfire IX                 402 (RCAF)

AF-A   Lancaster B.10     1950     404 (RCAF)

AJ-N   Lancaster III      1943     617

AJ-    P-47                        356FS, 9AF

AH-A   Spitfire Va        1942     332 (Norwegian)          Catterick

AH-R   Spitfire F.IXc     1942     332 (Norwegian)          North Weald

AK-E   Hurricane I        1940     213

AK-K   Tempest FB.6       1949     213                      Deversoir

AL-D   Hurricane I                  79

AN-M   Spitfire F.VIII             417 (RCAF)               Italy

AR-    Lysander III       1940     309 (Polish)

AU-    Spitfire           1943     421 (RCAF)

AW-    P-47                         42

AW-S   Beaufort I         1942      42                      Wick / Leuchars

AX-D   Spitfire F.VB      1943     107FS, 67RG              Membury

B2-    P-47                        390FS, 9AF

B4-    P-47                        387FS, 9AF

B7-    P-47                        374FS, 8AF

B7-H   P-51B                       374FS, 361FG, 8AF

B8-    P-47                        379FS, 9AF

BF-N   Boomerang          1944             5 (RAAF)

BH     Lancaster III      1944     300 (Polish)

BN-R   Stanraer           1940     240

BR-R   Typhoon IB         1944     184

BU-Q   Stirling I         1942     214

BX-    Beaufort           1941      86                      North Coates

C2-    P-47                       396FS, 9AF

C4-    P-47                       388FS, 9AF

C5-T   P-51D Mustang      1944    364FS, 357FG, 8AF

C8-O   Halifax III        1945    640

CG-J   P-38H-5            1943     38FS, 55tFG, 8AF

CH-    P-47                       365FS, 9AF

CP-    P-47                       367FS, 9AF

CS-    P-47                       370FS, 8AF

CV-    P-47                       368FS, 8AF

CZ-D   Spitfire IX        1944           222                Selsey Bill

D3-    P-47                        397FS, 9AF

D4-W   Stirling           1945     620

D5-    P-47                        386FS, 9AF

D7-F   P-51D Mustang      1945           406FG

DD-    Beaufort                     15 (RAAF)

DG-Q   Spitfire LF.VIII   1945     155                      Burma

DL-N   Spitfire VC        1943      91

DL-U   Spitfire F Mk.21   1946      91

DN-H   Spitfire LF.XVI    1945     416 (RCAF)               Belgium

DT-A   Hurricane I        1940     257                      North Weald

DU-Q   Boston III         1943      22 (RAAF)

DU-V   Spitfire IX        1945     312 (Czech)

DU-H   Beaufighter        1944      22 (RAAF)               Sanga Sanga, Phillipines

DV-T   Spifire LF.IX      1946     129

DV-V   Spitfire VC        1943     129                      Ibsley

DW-D   Spitfire F.XIVc    1944     610

DW-K   Spitfire I         1940     610

DY-S   Whitley V          1941     112

DZ-P   Hurricane I        1940     151                      Tangmere

E2-    P-47                        375FS, 8AF

E4-    P-47                        377FS, 9AF

E9-    P-47                        376FS, 8AF

EB-B   Spitfire F.XII     1944      41

EB-Z   Spitfire III       1940      41

EG-    Beaufort                    487 (RNZAF)

EG-T   Mosquito FB.VI              487 (RNZAF)

EG-    P-47                         34

EL-N   Typhoon            1945     181

EM-F   Lancaster I        1942     207

EW-    Defiant I          1940     307 (Polish)

EY-F   Halifax            1943      78

F2-V   Lancaster VI                635

F4-    P-47                        492FS, 9AF

FF-A   Spitfire IX                 132

FJ-    P-47                        261

FK-49  Hurrican IIB       1941     134

FL-    P-47                         81

FL-J   Spitfire V                   81                      Turnhouse

FR-D   Spitfire                    303 (Polish)

FS-B   Halifax II         1944     148

FT-A   Hurricane IIC                43

FT-Z   Spitfire Vc        1943      43                      NW Africa

FT-    P-47                        353FS, 9AF

FU-A   Spitfire LF.Vb     1943     453 (RAAF)

FU-N   Spitfire IX                 453 (RAAF)

FX-    Beaufort                      6 (RAAF)

FY-D   Mustang IV         1945     611                      Hunsdon

FY-A   Spitfire II                 611

FZ-O   Spitfire           1940      65                      Hornchurch

G-R (sic) Spitfire IX     1943      81                      Souk-el-Arba

G8-    P-47                        378FS, 9AF

G9-    P-47                        509FS, 9AF

GA-B   Buffalo I          1941      21  (RAAF)              Sembawang, Singapore

GE-H   Tomahawk IIA       1943     349 (Belgian)

GE-L   Spitfire IX                 349 (Belgian)

GE-T   Meteor Mk.4                 349, Belgian AF          Beauvechain, Belgium

GR-Z   Spitfire I                   92

GR-    Wellington I       1940     301 (Polish)

GQ-    P-47                        355FS, 9AF

GQ-    P-47                        134

GW-    Spitfire           1944     340 (French)

GX-    Beaufort           1942     415 (Canadian)           Thorney Island

GZ-C   Hurricane I        1940      32                      Hawkinge

H5-    P-47                        392FS, 9AF

H7-N   Halifax B.VI       1945     346 (French)

H8-D  RF-84F                        42, Belgian AF

HA-Q   Stirling           1944     218

HD-H   Wellington         1940      38

HD-B   Halifax            1944     466 (RAAF)

HE-J   Whirlwind I        1941     263                      Colerne

HF-X   Tempest II                   54

HH-D   Typhoon            1944     175

HL-    P-47                         83FS, 8AF

HM-B   Spitfire VIII               136                      Cocos Islands

HN-    Tempest F.2                  20

HO-    P-47                        487FS, 8AF

HV-A   P-47D-25           1944      61FS, 56th FG

I7-    P-47                        493FS, 9AF

I8-P   Typhoon            1944     440

IA-L   P-47D                       366FS, 358FG, 9AF

IL-F   Spitfire Vc                 308FS, 31FG              Italy

IS-D   F-84G                         2, Belgian AF          Bierset, Belgium

IV-    P-47                        369FS, 8AF

J5     Vampire FB.5       1949       3

JH-C   Spitfire I                  317

JH-    Hurricane I        1940     303 (Polish)

JM-    Beaufort                     32 (RAAF)

JN-A   Wellington IC      1940           150

JV-Z   Hurricane IID      1942       6

K4-    P-47                        511FS, 9AF

KM-K   Hampden I          1941            44

KN-T   Whitley            1940      77

KN-A   Halifax                    ? 76

KN-G   Halifax III                ? 77

KO-    Beaufort VIII                 2 (RAAF)

KT     Spitfire I         1940      54

KT-L   Beaufort VII                  7 (RAAF)

KW-S   Halifax B.III      1943     425 (RCAF)

KW-    P-47                        615

L3-    P-47                        512FS, 9AF

L9-    Halifax III        1945     190

LA-V   Mosquito VI        1944     235

LD-I   Kittyhawk III      1943     250

LE-D   Hurricane I                 242

LH-    P-47                        350FS, 8AF

LK-A   Hurricane I        1940      87

LM-S   P-47D                        62FS, 56FG, 8AF

LN-F   Wellington                   99

LQ-R   Halifax                     405

LW     Spitfire V         1944     318 (Polish)             Italy

LY-P   Beaufighter                  30 (RAAF)               Bougainville

LZ-C   Spitfire IIA       1941      66

LZ-P   Spitfire Vc        1943      66                      Sumburgh (temporary)

MB-X   Beaufighter X      1944     236

MC-R   P-51D                        77FS, 20FG, 8AF

MN-S   Spitfire XVI       1946     350 (Belgian)            Fassberg

MN-S   Meteor Mk.4                 350, Belgian AF

MQ-S   Mitchell           1944     226

MP-L   Halifax I                    76

MT-J   Spitfire F.IXc              122

MU-    P-47                         60

MU-X   Blenheim I         1940      60

MW-    Beaufort                    217                      St.Eval / Thorney Island

MX-    P-47                         82FS, 8AF

NA-P   Halifax V          1943     428 (RCAF)

NA-    Beaufort                      1 (RAAF)

NE-P   Beaufighter        1944     143

NF-V   Halifax II         1943     138

NG-    Blenheim I         1940     604                      Northolt

NG-K   Beaufighter        1942     604                      Middle Wallop

NH-F   Swordfish III      1945     119                      Knokke, Belgium

NL-K   Spitfire           1944     341 (French)

NN-V   Spitfire Vc                 310 (Czech)

NV-K   P-47D                        79                      Wangjing, Burma

NW-    Beaufort           1942     217                      Luqa, Malta

NX-O   SPitfire VII                131

NX-    P-47                        131

NZ-    Wellington I       1941     304 (Polish)

O4-X   Halifax VII                 620

OA-H   Beaufort I         1940      22                      North Coates

OC-G   P-51D              1944     359FS, 359FG, 8AF        Martlesham Heath

OC-    P-47                        359FS, 8AF

ON-E   Spitfire HF.VII    1943     124

ON-H   Spitfire VI        1942     124                      North Weald

OQ-    P-47                          5

OS-T   Hudson III         1942                              Sturgate

OS-    P-47                        357FS, 8AF

OY-C   Hudson V           1941      48

P5-9   Albemarle V                 297

PE-    P-47                        328FS, 8AF

PE-    P-51D                       328FS, 352FG, 8AF

PI-    P-47                        360FS, 8AF

PK-G   Mustang III        1944     315 (Polish)

PL-O   Beaufighter VI              144                      Langham

PN-    Beaufort                     14 (RAAF)

PN-W   Beafighter                  252

PO-S   Lancaster I        1945     467

PR-H   Spitfire  I        1940     609

PR-R   Typhoon            1944     609

PZ-    P-47                        486FS, 8AF

QH-K   Beaufort VIII      1942     100 (RAAF)               Richmond, Australia

QI-    P-47                        361FS, 8AF

QJ-4   Spitfire F.VIII    1943      92                      Taranto, Italy

QP     Thunderbolt                 334FS, 8AF

QP-L   P-51B-15           1944     334FS, 4FG, 8AF

QS-E   Stirling IV        1944     620

QV-I   Spitfire I         1940      19

QV-D   Mustang III        1944      19

QV-C   Hornet F 3         1953      19                      Church Fenton

R3-    P-47                        410FS, 9AF

RA-J   F-84G                        10, Belgian AF

RD-K   Beaufort I         1941      32 OCU                  Patricia Bay, Canada

RF-    Hurricane I        1940     303 (Polish)

RF-N   Spitfire LF.IX              303 (Polish)

RH-S   Boston IIIA        1944      88 (Hong Kong)

RQ-B   Beaufighter        1942      29

RS-    P-47                         30

RU-V   Tomahawk IIB       1941     414 (Canada)             Croydon

RY     Spitfire IX        1945     313 (Czech)

RZ-R   Spitfire LF.IXc    1944     241                      Italy

SD-T   Hurricane I        1940     501                      Gravesend

SD-J   Spitfire IA        1941     501                      Colerne

SD-W   Tempest V          1944     501

SE-Q   Halifax II         1943     431

SE-Q   Lancaster X                 431 (RCAF)               Croft Spa

SF-J   Whirlwind I        1943     137                      Manston

SF-    Beaufort                     13 (RAAF)

SH-E   Spitfire VB        1941      64                      Hornchurch

SH-V   Spitfire IX                  64

SK-E   Spitfire VB        1942     165                      Gravesend

SM-    Mosquito VI        1943     305 (Polish)

SK-F   Beaufighter        1945      93 (RAAF)               Morotai, Phillipines

SR-B   Tempest Mk.2       1948      33

SX-B   P-47D-25           1944     352FS, 353FG, 8AF

SZ-    Hurricane I        1941     316 (Polish)

SZ-B   Mustang III        1944     316 (Polish)             Coltishall

T5-    P-47                         10FS, 9AF

TK-A   Lancaster I        1945     149 (East India)

TL-R   Lancaster                    35

TL-S   Halifax II         1942      35

TM-N   Hurricane          1940     504

TP-E   Hurricane          1940      73

TP-R   Typhoon IB         1944     198

TU-A   B-17G              1944     510th BS, 351th BG

U9-    P-47                        411FS, 9AF

UB-N   Beaufighter TF.X   1944     455 (RAAF)

UF-J   Airacobra I        1941     601

UF-X   Spitfire Vb        1943     601

UH-W   Hudson III                    2  (RNZAF)

UM-    Spitfire Vc        1943     125                      Italy

UN-    P-47                         63FS, 8AF

UR-K   F-84G Thunderjet   1952       2, Belgian AF          Florennes, Belgium

UR-Z   Spitfire           1951       2, Belgian AF          Florennes, Belgium

US-P   Hurricane          1940      56

US-E   Tempest V          1944      56

US-T   Hurricane          1940      56

UV-M   Beafurt VIII                  8 (RAAF)

UZ-T   SPitfire F.IXc     1942     306 (Polish)             Northolt

V5-    P-47                        412FS, 9AF

V9-H   Halifax II         1944     502

VA-P   Defiant II         1942     125

VF     Thunderbolt                 336FS, 8AF

VO-M   Mitchell           1944      98

VX-V   Hudson I                    206

VZ-S   Spitfire IXB                412 (Canadian)

W3-    P-47                        313FS, 9AF

WA-    P-47                        146

WD-    Thunderbolt                 335FS, 8AF

WF-P   B-17G              1944    364BS, 305BG, 8AF         Chelveston

WK-    P-47                        135

WR-D   Spitfire VB        1943      40 (SAAF)

WR-    P-47                        354FS, 8AF

WS-V   Lancaster VII      1944       9                      Salbani, India

WU-B   F-6A Mustang                225

WV-S   Blenheim                     18

WX-C   Spitfire VB        1942     302 (Polish)

WZ-D   Spitfire I         1939      19

WZ-Y   Spitfire VB        1942      78FG, 8AF

WZ-    P-47                         84FS, 8AF

WZ-T   Spitfire F.24      1948      80

X9-W   Halifax            1943     517

XC-J   Tempest F.2        1947      26                      Fassberg

XC-Q   Vampire            1950      26                      Wunstorf, Germany

XD-C   Mosquito B.IV      1943     139

XE-    P-47                        123

XK-L   B-17E                        305BG

XM-M   Typhoon                     182

XO-M   Kittyhawk IA                 16 (RNZAF)

XP-G   Hurricane IIC               174

XR-J   Spitfire VB        1942      71

XT-A   Spitfire IA                 603

Y2-Y   Spitfire LF.IXc    1944     442 (RCAF)               Berry-sur-Mer, France

Y3-A   Halifax MET.VI     1949     202

Y8-    P-47                        507FS, 9AF

YD-G   Beaufighter IIF    1941     255                      Coltishall

YF-    P-47                        358FS, 8AF

YG-L   Hornet Moth                 502

YJ-    P-47                        351FS, 8AF

YO-X   Spitfire Vb        1943     401 (RCAF)               Catterick

YP-T   Havoc I            1941      23

YT-C   Spitfire IIA       1941      65                      Tangmere

YT-H   Hornet F.3         1948      65

YX-N   Blenheim IF        1940      54 OTU

YY-    York               1948     241 OCU

YZ-P   Lancaster B.I               617

Z5-E   Halifax            1944     462 (RAAF)

ZA-    Albermarle                  295

ZA-E   Halifax B.II       1943      10

ZD-F   Spitfire VB        1941     222                      North Weald

ZF-    Spitfire II        1941     308 (Polish)

ZK-A   Beaufighter IF               25

ZN-B   Hampden                     106

ZO-F   Stirling V         1945     196

ZP-Y   Spitfire VIII      1944     457 (RAAF)

ZT-    P-47                        258

ZX-6   Spitfire IX        1943     145 (Parly Polish)       Tunis

ZX-A   Spitfire LF.VIII   1943     145 (Parly Polish)       Canne, Italy


Emmanuel Gustin
[email protected]

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